How to propagate a strawberry with a mustache, which ones to take for propagation
Each summer resident wants the most fruitful strawberry bushes to grow and give more and more berries. One of the main methods of propagation of strawberries is the propagation of mustache.
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In this article, we will analyze this method in detail. Consider its varieties and discuss the advantages and disadvantages.
What are the ways to propagate strawberries
There are several ways to propagate strawberries: mustache, dividing the bush and seeds.
Most often, the berries are propagated with a mustache, although the repairing varieties of strawberries are extremely reluctant to produce new shoots, so they have to be propagated by dividing the bush.
Benefits of Strawberry Propagation by Mustache
This method of propagation of strawberries has many advantages. We list the main ones.
- You can decide for yourself which bushes you will propagate. You can take the most productive or with the most delicious berries;
- No need to suffer with seedlings, sowing seeds and transplanting seedlings;
- No need for containers for seedlings;
- No need for an additional greenhouse or greenhouse;
- You do not need to buy new seedlings;
- You can save the best signs of a particular strawberry variety;
- Outlets quickly take root and grow well.
What strawberry mustache is taken for breeding
For reproduction, rosettes of the first order (first line), that is, closest to the mother bush, are suitable. They must be healthy, not have signs of infection and disease.
After you decide on outlets suitable for reproduction, you must cut off the mustache so that the outlets of the following orders do not take away nutrients.
The second important nuance when choosing a mustache - for reproduction choose bushes no older than 2 years. Older ones will give poor offspring.
ON A NOTE. This is a general rule for selecting strawberry mustaches. Some summer residents generally leave only one of the most powerful outlet. Others, on the contrary, with a lack of planting material, use second-order sockets.
What is a uterine bush and how to determine it
The mother (mother) bush is that bush from which the mustache with rosettes depart. It is used to obtain the child material that will be rooted.
The mother bush is selected as follows. When growing, notice which strawberry bushes produce the best and most delicious berries. At the same time, plants must be resistant to diseases and pests.
How to determine the right place to land
For strawberries, areas well lit and warmed by the sun are suitable. In the shade, the berries are small and tasteless. Ideally, strawberry beds will be protected from the north by bushes or buildings.
The culture should not be planted after peppers, tomatoes, potatoes, zucchini, pumpkins, cucumbers, eggplant, roses and lilies. Good predecessors for strawberries are root vegetables, herbs, garlic, onions.
It is also worth noting that the culture is demanding on humidity, but does not really like it when groundwater lies too close to the surface.
What soil is needed
Strawberries need light, well-aerated, neutral soils for growth and development. The absence of weeds, especially wheat grass and milkweed, is very important. Nutritious loam is suitable.
Culture likes fertile soil, so some summer residents regularly add organic matter: ripe manure or compost.
How to transplant a strawberry mustache
A mustache transplant should be carried out in late spring - early summer or in late summer - early autumn. Each term has its advantages and disadvantages.
You need to choose healthy, productive plants for transplantation. No need to grow berries at the same time and let the bushes grow a mustache. The bush simply will not pull all the functions at once.
There is no need to rush a transplant. After the appearance of the mustache, they are given another 1.5-2 months to grow and gain strength, and only then they are separated from the uterine bush.
The transplant must be carried out carefully and in advance prepared site. After planting, rooted rosettes need to be taken care of so that they are well prepared for wintering and fruiting in the next season.
How to propagate a strawberry mustache step by step
We will analyze the propagation algorithm for strawberries with a mustache in more detail:
- Identify the uterine mustache and select the mustache to be used for the procedure.
- When the rosettes on the mustache begin to produce roots, they are pinned to the ground and sprinkled with a little soil or humus.
- Water the outlet every 3 days. Your task is to keep the soil slightly moist. If it rains, then loosen the soil around.
- A couple of days before transplanting, the future planting site of strawberries is sprinkled with sifted sand and loosening the soil.
- After a week and a half, sockets can be seated. Rosettes should be healthy and developed, have at least 2 pairs of leaves. Ideally, the outlet should already take root and have roots about 5-7 cm long.
- Cut the mustache 8-10 cm from the uterine bush and carefully transfer the earth with a lump to a new place. Also, if space permits, the mustache can simply be rooted in place by cutting them off the mother bush.
- The depth of the grooves or planting pits is 2.5 cm. Planting must be done in increments of 30 cm between the bushes and 50 cm between the rows.
- Build shelter for transplanted white agrofibre outlets.
IMPORTANT! The procedure is carried out on a dry day, but before lunch or after sunset.
How to propagate a mustache in spring
Some summer residents consider spring-summer reproduction preferable, since in this case the seedlings completely pass the adaptation period and are ready for wintering. Their point of view is based on the fact that the mustache, which strawberries produce in May-June, is best suited for propagation. The most high-quality rosettes are formed on them, and also buds are laid for future fruiting.
Mustache propagation of strawberries in autumn
However, the traditionally optimal period for whiskers transplantation is from mid-July to mid-September, depending on the region of cultivation.
Over the next 10 weeks before the onset of cold weather, the young bush fully adapts to independent life, forms a fully developed root system and lays buds for flowering next year.
IMPORTANT! When separating outlets in late autumn, the bushes are poorly rooted, winter hard and bear fruit only in the third year of growth.
What is potted rooting
Some summer residents during the procedure of propagation of strawberries use the so-called "potted rooting method." Its essence is that the selected outlet is placed in a small pot for seedlings (plastic cup). In this case, the outlet remains connected to the mother bush.
Next, a new bush takes root in its container, builds up the root system. Then it is separated from the uterine bush and transplanted to a new place.
This is the advantage of potted rooting. After all, when transplanting, the roots of the outlet are not damaged. You just take an earthen ball, braided by roots, from a glass and root it in a new place.
How to propagate in a Norwegian manner
To make strawberry rosettes easier to transplant, they can be dropped off in a Norwegian manner. These are tall beds that are surrounded by planks. At the same time, plantings are covered with a film, which is protection against atmospheric effects (rain, hail, wind and sun).
Norwegian beds - this is really an effective method in which the mustache takes root well. But there is a nuance. Inside the shelter, it is necessary to constantly maintain suitable conditions for the growth and development of bushes: moisten the earth and loosen it, weed weeds, and fertilize. To do this, you will have to constantly remove and re-tension the agromaterial with which the strawberry is covered.
How to care for a transplanted mustache
After you have transplanted, you will need to take care of the seedlings until the very end of the season. There is nothing complicated in this procedure, but she will have to pay some attention.
The transplanted mustache should be covered with transparent agrofibre. So you protect the bushes from the weather: rain and sun.
Strawberries will have to be regularly watered, loosened the beds and mulched. It is very important not to allow the soil to dry out under the berry. A mulch will protect the planting from the growth of weeds.
After about 25-30 days, the transplanted mustache will need to be fed. It is best to use a comprehensive liquid top dressing for berries. You can buy any fertilizer from trusted manufacturers Agricola, Green Belt, etc. After top dressing, the bushes need to be spudded to stimulate root formation. Perform the procedure carefully so as not to damage the roots.
The last step in caring for transplanted outlets is to prepare for the winter. Bushes are insulated with coniferous litter. This is the best strawberry shelter. If there are no needles at hand, use hay or straw.
ON A NOTE. If you still transplanted in the fall, then most likely you will not have to water the strawberries because of the rains that have begun. In any case, focus on the condition of the soil.
Why doesn’t strawberry blossom, but gives a mustache
There are several reasons for this problem:
FirstlyThis is a degeneration of culture. Unfortunately, strawberries actively bear fruit only in the first 3-4 years. If more, then this is a happy coincidence and an exception to the rule.
Secondly, some varieties are genetically predisposed to the mass formation of new shoots.
Thirdly, strawberries may not bloom if the root collar is too deeply buried.
Fourth, the plant can be fed with nitrogen. In this case, it is necessary to transplant and fertilize with nitrogen-potassium fertilizers.
Fifthly, the case may be in the wrong time for planting the berry and lack of lighting.
Why a strawberry doesn’t give a mustache
The absence of air shoots, in the first place, may be due to the characteristics of the variety. This is characteristic of the repairing varieties of strawberries.
If you are sure that you have a “normal” variety, then the whole thing may be in the lack of trace elements. This can be caused by both fruiting and disease. In this case, strawberries need to be fed, examined for the presence of diseases and pests. If necessary, treat with appropriate preparations.
What mustache can not be used for breeding
Mustache of those bushes that have already given berries are not suitable for propagation. Outlets will develop poorly, because the bush spent the main forces on the formation of berries.
ON A NOTE. Thus, you need to immediately decide which bushes you have left for the berries, and which ones you will use for propagation.
Also, this method is not suitable for repair varieties that are reluctant to release air shoots.
If we talk about sockets 2-3 and subsequent orders, then they can be used for reproduction. But you need to understand that the harvest from them will be scarce.
- An attempt to propagate a repair strawberry in this way. Mustache propagation is not suitable for these varieties of culture.
- Use of all appeared outlets. Only the first ones are suitable for reproduction, counting from the mother bush. The rest will give small and tasteless berries.
- Mustache pruning not done on time. The ideal time to separate the new outlet from the mother bush is July.
- Repeated transplant. Strawberries do not like to change their place of growth. Therefore, immediately decide where you will transplant new outlets.
- Mustache sprawl is not limited. The longer the mustache and the more outlets on them, the smaller and worse they take root.
- The soil is not prepared properly. Strawberries love loose neutral soil. On other soils, it takes root with difficulty.
- Excess organic fertilizer. Organics can be added when preparing beds, but after transplanting, it is better to use ready-made complex fertilizers for berries.
Frequently Asked Questions
When does a strawberry produce a mustache suitable for propagation?
Usually this does not happen until the end of May - June and in the second half of summer.
When can I plant new bushes?
In the middle lane - in the middle of summer. In other regions, climate adjustment is needed.
As you can see, mustache propagation is the easiest way to get a few more strawberry bushes without much effort and problems. Follow the simplest rules of rooting and get new bushes, fruiting delicious juicy berries.