Features of watering cucumbers: how often to water in open ground and a greenhouse
The most important agricultural technique in the care of cucumbers is, oddly enough, watering. Cucumber is the most important “water chowder” among all vegetables. Compliance with the regime and rules of irrigation is very important if you do not want to get bitter small greens.
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In this article, we will figure out how to properly water cucumbers that grow in open ground in the garden and in the greenhouse.
What kind of water do cucumbers like?
Cucumbers prefer settled warm water. The optimum temperature is within + 20 + 24 degrees. The minimum allowable temperature is 16 degrees. You can allow the water to heat slightly more than optimum, but you do not need to use hot liquid either. In this regard, cucumber is a very picky crop that responds equally capriciously to too cold liquid and too warm.
Thus, it turns out that for watering cucumber bushes it is impossible to use water from a hose connected to a well or a central water supply system.
Great if you have the opportunity to collect water during the rain. Such a liquid is best for cucumbers.
REFERENCE. Cold water provokes the fall of peduncles and ovaries, as well as the development of diseases of cucumbers.
What time of day is better to irrigate
The optimal time for irrigation is considered to be evening after about 7 hours. At this time of day, plants respond best to the addition of moisture. In addition, the water lingers longer at the roots.
It is permissible to irrigate cucumbers in the morning. But you need to do this, in extreme cases, before 11 o’clock in the afternoon, before the sun begins to warm very much. Morning watering is recommended if cold nights are issued.
On a hot day, watering is not necessary. Water can get on the leaves and they will get burned. In addition, the liquid evaporates quickly, and a stiff crust forms on the soil, which prevents air from reaching the root system of the plant.
How to properly prepare water for irrigation
Since water from the well cannot be used for watering cucumbers, the irrigation fluid must be properly prepared.
This is not at all difficult to do. You only need containers in which the liquid will accumulate. It can be barrels, buckets, old bathtubs, five-liter bottles, etc. You simply type them and leave for a few days to bask in the sun and stand. The water in them will take the right temperature for watering the cucumbers.
The period of preparation of the liquid depends on the weather. In the hot summer, the water collected in the morning will be ready for use in the evening.
What affects the frequency of watering
The most important factor on which the frequency of soil moisture depends is the weather. If the summer was rainy, then the frequency of watering should be reduced. It is better to loosen the soil regularly so that moisture does not stagnate at the roots, and the rhizome receives the necessary amount of oxygen.
The second factor is the type of soil. On light and loose soils, watering should be carried out more often. And on heavy clay soils less often. This is because different types of soils retain water differently.
How often to water cucumbers in the open ground
The general principle of applying liquid under cucumber bushes is this: on hot days - daily, in cloudy weather - every 3-4 days.
Irrigation schemes depending on the region and month
In May - the first decade of June (depending on the time of planting), watering should be moderate. Our task is to prevent excessive growth of green mass, but, on the contrary, to force cucumbers to form more ovaries.
In mid-June - July, flowering begins. At this time, you need to water the cucumbers more often. If possible, install a drip irrigation system. Also focus on the climate of your region.
July - the first decade of August - the time of abundant fruiting. You need to water the bushes every other day. And if necessary, even use the sprinkling method.
In late August, we begin to reduce water consumption. At this time, the nights get colder. Therefore, it is important to prevent an excess of water at the roots of the plant.
In the hot and arid regions of the South and Central Russia, watering should be done more often so that the land on the beds does not dry out. On the contrary, in colder and more northern regions, watering should be done less frequently and produced in the morning and not in the evening.
Let's figure out how to moisten the planting of cucumbers, depending on the growing season.
- After planting (sowing). Before mass flowering begins, the culture is moistened fairly moderately. It takes half a bucket per square meter. If pouring more, the bush will increase the volume of green mass, and not form ovaries.
- Bloom. At this stage, we double the amount of water, that is, up to 10 liters. On average, he carries out the procedure every 3 days.
- Fruiting. At this time, cucumbers need about the same amount of water as during flowering. That is, a bucket per square meter, but every 2 days. You also need to monitor the state of the leaves. If they fade, then we carry out sprinkling.
Features of watering on hot and cloudy days
If the weather is hot, then you need to water the beds with cucumbers every day, and in some cases even in the morning and evening. In this case, it is necessary to loosen the soil, since in the heat moisture evaporates very quickly. And by loosening you will not allow the crust to form.
In wet and cold weather, the procedure is less necessary. In rainy periods, you can only loosen the soil. In case of cooling, we water it not in the evening, but in the morning, so as not to provoke the development of fungal diseases in plants.
How often to water cucumbers in a greenhouse
Greenhouse cucumbers will have to be watered more often, because there is no atmospheric precipitation. Frequency of watering from 1 to 3 days depending on the weather. On hot days, moisture will evaporate faster, and on cloudy days slower.
TIP. If possible, place a container of liquid in the greenhouse. Firstly, the humidity level will increase. Secondly, the water will gradually become similar in temperature to the air temperature in the greenhouse. That is, it will be as comfortable as possible for cucumbers.
In April, when cucumber seedlings are transplanted into the greenhouse, watering should be supportive. Approximately 2 liters are consumed per bush. The frequency of the procedure is once every 3-4 days, depending on the condition of the plant.
During flowering, the rate of fluid flow is increased. Consumption - a little more than a bucket per square meter of beds. Watering every 2 days and be sure to loosen the soil. As soon as the first fruits appear, the norm is still increased and water is added in a day.
ON A NOTE. In rainy weather, the frequency of watering cucumbers can be reduced, since moisture evaporates less.
Ways to water cucumbers
There are several ways to water cucumbers. Consider the most effective and popular among summer residents of Russia.
The preferred method of wetting these plants. Its advantage is that you can constantly maintain the desired level of soil moisture without spending a lot of water. The main drawback is the need to mount a system of PVC pipes, connect a barrel installed above ground level to them and configure the entire system. Although you can use the old grandfather method - drip irrigation from plastic bottles. This is when a bottle of water with a slightly ajar cork burrows upside down in the ground near the bush.
How to water under the root
The classic way. Need a watering can or bucket with a mug. Water the cucumbers strictly under the root, without falling onto the leaves and lashes. The method does not require any investment, but rather laborious. And when the bushes grow, there will be additional difficulties in the form of a root search among the many intertwined shoots and leaves.
Very similar to drip. You need to forward the central water main, from which the hoses for each bush will already diverge. The advantage of the method is that it does not require the presence of a person. This is good for large areas and for commercial crop cultivation. The disadvantage is the need to mount an irrigation system and install a water tower.
Healthy bushes of cucumbers require irrigation by irrigation. The fact is that during the period of active growth and fruiting, large leaves actively evaporate moisture. Therefore, fine spray should be used. This can be either an automatic system or manual humidification using a watering can with a very fine sieve.
How to apply fertilizing during irrigation
In order not to flood the plants, watering can be combined with the introduction of liquid fertilizers. In this case, first you moisten the soil, and only then pour liquid fertilizer. So you at the same time improve the digestibility of top dressing, and protect the roots of the plant from a chemical burn.
ON A NOTE. For fertilizers, the water should also be warm and settled.
The watering procedure mistakenly seems too simple, which often leads to errors. We will analyze the most frequent:
- Use of cold water. Cucumbers are a culture that does not tolerate cold water at all. Alas, connecting the hose to the water supply and watering the bushes in this way will not work. Water must be defended. Therefore, experienced summer residents gain barrels, basins, boilers and leave to bask in the sun.
- Sloppy watering. Cucumbers are watered under the root. This makes the process time-consuming, but this is the only right way. By the way, here you can add an excessively strong pressure of water. As a result, plants are simply washed out of the soil.
- Irregular procedure. The culture is capricious, and pouring water from time to time is impossible. Cucumber does not like, when it is thick, then empty. Therefore, adjust the mode so that the plant always receives the right amount of fluid.
- Do not loosen the soil. This is especially true on hot days when a hard crust remains on the soil surface after evaporation of water. She keeps the roots from breathing. Therefore, the next day, be sure to loosen the soil.
- Carrying out the procedure at the wrong time. To maximize the effect of the procedure, pour water in the morning or in the evening. Do not work during the day only if the weather is cloudy and not hot.
Frequently Asked Questions
What you need to know about watering cucumbers?
The procedure should be regular, you need to water it with warm and settled water.
Is it possible to feed plants during watering?
Yes, but first you pour clean water, and then top dressing.
How much water do you need per bush?
Depending on the size of the plant, but the starting point is considered to be 1 liter of water per cucumber bush. For adult cucumbers spend more - from 2 to 4 liters per bush.
Can rainwater be used?
If you have the opportunity to collect it during the rains, then this would be an ideal option. But remember that rainwater must also warm up and stand still.
Watering is an important agricultural event in the process of growing cucumbers. Follow the rules of watering, and you will get an abundant crop of delicious and crispy greens at the exit.