Planting garlic in spring on a head in open ground when planted
There are two varieties of garlic - winter varieties and spring varieties. Winter crops are planted in autumn and winter in the soil under shelter from branches and foliage and a layer of snow, but spring crops need to be planted in spring. Varieties have differences among themselves. For example, spring garlic is stored longer. And winter is more suitable for pickles. Therefore, it is wrong to plant only one variety in your garden.
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This time we decided to tell how to plant garlic in the spring on the head, when it is better to do according to the lunar calendar and in different regions of our country.
When to plant garlic in the spring of 2020 in different regions
Sowing of spring varieties of garlic is carried out in the spring: from the second March decade - until mid-May.
The first thing you need to pay attention to when choosing the timing for planting cloves is the weather outside. The plant can be sown when spring weather sets in. This means that the soil should not be frozen, and the air should warm up at least to +5.
IMPORTANT! Garlic can tolerate short periods of freezing frost. But this does not mean that it needs to be planted on the first warm day.
The optimal conditions for planting cloves on the head are soil temperature +3 - +6 degrees, air temperature +7 - +10 degrees.
Depending on the climatic zone, landing dates vary. Consider the main regions of Russia, which are subsidiary farms and grow this culture.
Moscow and Moscow region
In the metropolitan area, as well as between the Oka and Volga rivers (Vladimir, Nizhny Novgorod, Yaroslavl, Kostroma), garlic should be planted in the third decade of April. But since spring in 2020 turned out to be early, you can attend to the planting of a vegetable already in early April.
In the Ryazanshchina, as well as in the Kaluga, Tula and Smolensk regions, you can plant cloves in the last days of March and continue the procedure throughout April.
Central Black Earth Region
In the regions of the Central Black Earth Region (Belgorod, Kursk, Voronezh, Tambov), landing can be done already from mid-March. But this is only in 2020! Usually, in this region, the sowing date comes in April.
Summer residents of the Krasnodar Territory, Adygea, the Caucasian Republics, Crimea and the Rostov Region in 2020 can sow garlic all spring. Particularly risky gardeners may even plant in May in the hope that the autumn will be warm and that crops can be harvested in November.
In the Leningrad Region, spring garlic should be sown in late April. But again this year, abnormally warm winters and spring make their adjustments. Landing can probably be done for the first time in decades simultaneously with the southern regions. That is, in early April.
In the Urals, garlic cloves are usually planted in the early May decades. But if the weather in April allows this year, the dates can be shifted by 1-2 weeks.
Siberia and the Far East
The same goes for Siberia and the Far East. On average over the years, landing time falls in mid-May. But focus primarily on weather conditions. If spring has come finally, then prepare planting material and beds. And do not be afraid of short-term frosts. Garlic will outlive them.
When to plant garlic in spring on the lunar calendar in spring
The difference between bulb crops (and garlic, including) from other plants is that they must be planted on a waning moon. But, like any other plants, in the full moon and new moon, all planting and transplanting operations are prohibited.
Consider the favorable dates for planting garlic cloves in the spring of 2020.
Favorable days - 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22.
Bad days - 8, 9, 10, 23, 24, 25.
Favorable days - 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21.
Bad days - 7, 8, 9, 22, 23, 24.
Favorable days - 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20.
Bad days - 6, 7, 8, 21, 22, 23.
If you are unable to land on the indicated favorable days (bad weather, or you are at work), then at least do not work on these unfavorable dates. It is much better if you plant garlic in fine weather than you dig it in the mud, but on a favorable day according to the lunar calendar.
How to choose the right planting material
Planting material is obtained from a conventional head, from which the teeth are separated. Of all you need to take the largest and hardest. Usually they are located on the outside of the bulb.
Having selected large material, it must be carefully examined. Soft teeth that begin to fade will not work. We also discard everything that has the slightest signs of rot and disease. If the cloves have dark spots or reddish hemp, then they are not suitable for planting.
So, for spring planting you need large healthy cloves without signs of disease.
If there is no suitable material among your garlics, then buy it at a market or hardware store.
What kind of garlic to plant in spring
First of all, you need to pay attention to spring varieties. For example, Victoria, Kledor, Gulliver, Victorio, Permyak, Yelensky.
In Central Russia, you can plant the following varieties: Ershovsky, Moscow, Elenovsky, Zemlyachok, Degtyarsky, Gafuri, Abrek, Demidovsky, Printanor, etc.
Flavor, Uralets, Aleisky, Permyak, etc. grow well beyond the Urals.
In the Leningrad Region, summer residents need to pay attention to Porechye, Nugget, Shunut.
You can also choose other varieties: early (100 days before ripening), late (120 - 130) or mid-ripening (115).
ON A NOTE. In spring, you can plant winter garlic. This will not be a mistake.
How to choose a landing time
Like any other plant, it is better to plant garlic in the morning, before dinner. The weather should be cloudy, but not rainy.
The specific day for the work must be determined in accordance with the lunar calendar and weather conditions.
Be sure to see the weather forecast for the coming week. Are there any return frosts? This is especially important when landing in March, when the last snow can still fall.
Then you can plant garlic in the spring
Cucumbers, zucchini and other pumpkin, mustard, strawberries, peas and oats will be good precursors of garlic.
After these crops, garlic grows healthy and strong.
IMPORTANT! It is not worth planting if last year on the place of garlic beds sat potatoes, carrots, tomatoes, peppers, eggplant and radishes (that is, nightshade and root crops).
How to plant garlic in the spring step by step
To make garlic healthy, you need to properly prepare the soil. It is better to attend to this in the fall. It is necessary to dig a future bed and pickle it with iron or copper sulfate.
A week before the proposed sowing, the soil can be fed with nitroammophos or humus. It is better to use mineral fertilizer.
So, we proceed directly to the procedure for planting garlic.
Step 1. Preplant preparation. We process garlic to stimulate its growth.
Step 2 We make grooves so that the cloves are covered with soil no more than 3 cm thick. The distance between the grooves should be about 20 cm.
Step 3 We spill the grooves with water. It is possible to prepare an ash solution (300 g per 10 l), but if the soil is fertile, then this is not necessary.
Step 4 When the water is absorbed, we plant garlic. We place the teeth with a sharp tip up. It is not necessary to deeply dig. Just Gently press down for better rooting. No need to push with all your strength, so you will damage the bottom of the tooth.
Step 5 We fall asleep with a small layer of dry earth. Once again, we draw attention to the fact that the layer of earth above the garlic should be 2-3 cm and no more.
ON A NOTE. If you plant garlic in late spring, then the cloves can be sprouted beforehand, so that they take up faster.
How to prepare and how to process garlic before planting
Pre-planting preparation of cloves is the key to successful crop cultivation.
Good planting material is obtained from garlic, which has been properly stored since autumn. For information on how to do this, read our article, "How to Store Garlic at Home."
The pre-planting preparation itself begins with calibration, that is, the selection of the largest teeth.
This is followed by rejection. Throw sick and soft teeth.
The next step is pickling. You can soak in a solution of salt and potassium permanganate (1 tablespoon of salt and several crystals of potassium permanganate per 1 liter of water), in a solution of ash (1 spoon per 1 liter) or a solution of copper sulfate. Soaking time - no more than 5 minutes.
You can also soak in a solution of Fitosporin. Soaking time is the same.
Next, prepare a solution of Epin, Energen or Zircon. This will stimulate head growth.
Features of planting spring garlic
Garlic is a culture that makes rather stringent requirements for soil quality. It should be loose, nutritious, without occurrence of groundwater. You need to grow the plant in a ventilated, sunny place.
To get a good spring crop, only local varieties should be planted. The introduced garlic will not bear fruit the first year, since it has not yet adapted to new conditions. And now his children will give the usual harvest.
Spring garlic loves mulching. Mulch prevents the spread of weeds, delays the evaporation of moisture and improves the structure of the soil.
The germination of denticles located on the outer edge is approximately 30% higher than that of denticles in the center of the head.
So that all plants develop in the same way, plant approximately the same cloves.
No need to wait until the soil warms up even to 10 degrees (not to mention 15-17). Garlic planted in warm soil will give a bad harvest.
Every three to four years, the variety needs to be updated to prevent degeneration.
What is the difference between spring garlic and winter
Externally, spring garlic is very easy to distinguish from winter garlic. You just need to clean the head. Winter varieties always consist of large cloves of lobules, which are located around the stem.
Spring varieties have small teeth, there are a lot of them, and they grow, as it were, in several circles.
In taste, the advantage is usually given to winter vegetables. Although this, of course, is a moot point. Many, on the contrary, value the taste of spring garlic more. But spring varieties are better stored. They are best grown on the head and for storage during the winter. While garlic planted in autumn is better suited for salting various salads, pickles, etc.
Another vegetable planted in spring has no habit of shooting. While winter varieties must be constantly monitored so that the plant does not go “in the arrow”.
Sowing spring garlic heads
This is the "lazy way." It is suitable for those who do not have time to garden. Also, using this method, raspberries can be planted to limit its spread.
To plant heads, they need to trim the bottom and arrows. The embedment depth is 10 cm, the distance between the beds is 30 cm. Each head can bring up to 4 new heads. So that the garlic planted with heads grows better, it is mulched with humus.
ON A NOTE. Usually, head planting is practiced for winter cultivars.
In one season, a full-fledged head from a bulb cannot be grown. From the bulb, you get the so-called one-tooth. And already this crop can be planted for next year. Thus, the culture is updated.
Consider the main mistakes when growing garlic.
- Sowing garlic on heavy soil. Culture loves fertile and loose soils without stagnation of water. On heavy soils, the head begins to rot.
- Cultivation in one place for several years in a row. The soil is depleted, and every year you get less and less yield.
- Failure to comply with crop rotation rules. Planting garlic after nightshade and root crops will lead to the same consequences - diseased bulbs and a poor harvest.
- Too early or too late landing. Sow garlic at a time when the soil has already thawed, but not warmed up too much. This is the optimal time for head development.
- Failure to comply with agricultural technology. Garlic does not need to be buried too deep. No need to part too. The heads need a place for development and nutrition.
- Planting substandard material. If among your stocks there are no cloves of the required quality, then do not be stingy and buy normal seed. Otherwise, you will waste your time and energy and not get a good harvest.
Frequently Asked Questions
What varieties of spring garlic to choose?
First of all, focus on your region. Now agronomists have bred varieties for almost every region of Russia.
Is it possible to plant winter garlic in spring?
Why not? Of course, you should not wait for the overthrowers, but you will get quite normal heads.
How to update a variety?
To do this, collect and plant the cloves. One tooth will grow, with the help of which the variety will be updated.
Where to plant spring garlic?
Choose a sunny, well-ventilated area with fertile soil.
To what depth should the teeth be buried?
2-3 cm. It is no longer necessary, otherwise they will germinate poorly.
Do I need to water the garlic after planting.
It is better to do this before the procedure. Dig a groove, pour it with water, let it soak and then plant the cloves.
Planting garlic in the spring on the head is not at all a difficult undertaking. It is only important to observe the landing dates and simple rules for care. Then in the fall you will have healthy large garlic, which will lie for several months without spoiling.