When to sow tomatoes for seedlings in 2020
So it's time to think about sowing seeds for seedlings. Tomatoes in our country are loved and grown precisely in seedlings. Therefore, since the end of winter, every summer resident buys seeds, prepares containers and soil.
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Experienced summer residents in general have an idea about the timing of planting tomatoes, but the specific day when to plant tomatoes for seedlings in 2020 is determined by them on the basis of the lunar phases.
Today we will tell you how to choose the right day for sowing. In addition, you will learn about the most important nuances of this procedure.
When to sow tomatoes for seedlings in 2020, how to determine the time of sowing
It is very important to choose the right day for planting. It depends on how actively the tomatoes will grow, as well as how healthy the seedlings will be when they are transplanted into the greenhouse and in the open ground.
The day of planting the seeds depends on 2 main factors:
- Varietal features of the development of tomato;
- Climatic features of a specific region of Russia.
Tomatoes ripen on 100 - 150 days after planting. The number of days is directly dependent on the variety. Early varieties grow and bear fruit faster. Later varieties and hybrids develop more slowly, and the fruits are poured longer.
For successful growth and development, tomatoes require at least 20 degrees in the afternoon, warm soil and the absence of return frosts.
Based on all this, we can conclude that it is best to plant tomato grains for seedlings, starting from the last days of winter. The bulk of the seed material is prepared for planting in March-April, and the last plantings are carried out in the last spring month.
Residents of the southern regions of Russia can begin to deal with tomato seedlings at the junction of winter and spring: in the last decade of February and the first decade of March. And the earliest summer residents who have insulated greenhouses are in January.
In Chernozemye, Belorussia and Moscow Region, sowing can be started in March and April.
But the residents of the eastern regions of our country do not need to hurry with sowing. They are better off waiting for April, because the climate in their regions is cold, and the warmth comes there after all.
REFERENCE. When planting seedlings for growing tomatoes in a greenhouse, the timing of the procedure can be shifted and started to be sown earlier. Or, conversely, later if you plan to get a crop of greenhouse tomatoes in mid-autumn.
Suitable days for planting a tomato on the lunar calendar in 2020 table
Grains are planted, focusing on the lunar calendar. This is an old and proven method that has been used in our country for decades.
Traditionally, tomatoes are planted on a rising moon.
Below you will find a table where, for your convenience, we have compiled information about favorable days for planting tomato grains in the ground. Data are presented for the first five months of 2020.
In addition, we added another line, in which we collected already bad days for landing. These are the days of the new moon and the full moon, which usually do not carry out any manipulations with the seeds.
Table. The list of successful and unsuccessful days for planting a tomato on the lunar calendar in 2020
|Permissibility of work||January||February||March||April||May|
|Valid days||1-9, 26-31||1-8, 24-29||1-8, 25-31||1-7, 24-30||1-6, 23-31|
|Invalid days||10, 25||9, 23||9, 24||8, 23||7, 22|
REFERENCE. Numbers that do not fall into this table can be considered conditionally neutral. What does it mean? Planting tomatoes is possible, but only if there is no other choice. For example, the first seedlings have not risen, or your schedule does not allow work on other days.
How does the moon sign affect the germination of tomato seeds
The moon has a significant effect on the development of plant seeds, including tomatoes. In the phase of the growing moon, internal processes are activated, aimed at the growth of the aerial parts of tomatoes: leaves, stems, fruits. In the phase of the dying moon, on the contrary, a process is activated to develop and strengthen the root system.
Thus, sowing seeds to be carried out on the growing moon. Grains planted during this period germinate faster and form the aerial part, which is necessary for a young plant for photosynthesis.
Phase of the dying moon It is not the most favorable time for planting tomatoes, but if you have no other choice, then you can sow these days.
But in phases of the full and new moon sowing seeds is not recommended!
Astrology also makes recommendations regarding the choice of day for sowing. It is believed that the zodiac constellations Lion and Taurus beneficial effect on the growth of tomatoes. Therefore, on days when the moon passes through these constellations, it is best to land.
Aries also favorable for planting tomatoes, but only for early varieties.
And here are the signs Virgin and Aquarius adversely affect the germination of tomato seeds, so these days it is better not to sow.
ON A NOTE. In 2020, the days of Virgo and Aquarius fell on the following dates: January 14, 15, 25, 26, January 10, 11, 21, 22, February 9, 10, 19, 20, March 21, 5, 6, 15, 16, April 17 and May 2, 3, 13, 14, 30, 31.
How to prepare tomato seeds for sowing
Before planting grains, they need to be properly prepared for this procedure. Presowing treatment aims to stimulate the germination of tomato seeds. Along the way, disinfection of planting material and softening of the outer shell of the seed are also performed.
For processing usually apply one of 2 procedures: soaking or sparging. But for bubbling you need an aquarium compressor, and the procedure takes a long time. Therefore, most often the seeds are simply subjected to a soaking procedure. It is much cheaper, faster, and in terms of efficiency it is in no way inferior to bubbling.
If you are sure of the seeds that you selected for sowing, then you can use only ordinary water. But in any case, you can add the active substance. It can be such means as Epin, Zircon, Chlorhexedine, Baikal M (use according to the instructions). Or the familiar and familiar hydrogen peroxide (1 teaspoon per glass of water).
Whatever drug you choose, the algorithm remains the same.
- You will need a container (saucer, plastic container), gauze or other rags, mortar, plastic bag and seed;
- The grains are placed in a "envelope" of rags and moistened with water. Please note that excess moisture must be wrung out;
- The cloth is placed in a saucer and wrapped in a bag, after which the entire structure must be placed under the battery;
- Now we have to wait. The waiting period depends on the drug you are using. For example, you need to soak in peroxide for a day, and in a store preparation from half an hour to several hours;
- It is very important to occasionally ventilate the structure and add water if necessary.
REFERENCE. There are tomato grains that do not need to be prepared for planting at all, because their producer has already done this. Such seeds are called dragee seeds because they are coated with a special “glaze” like a regular dragee. This glaze consists of nutrients, as well as special preparations that destroy pathogens and eggs of pests.
How to recognize grazed grains? Very simple. Usually this information is indicated on the pack, and the seeds themselves have a different, often unnatural color.
To what depth should tomato seeds be sown
Grain of tomatoes does not need to be buried too deep. The optimum depth is about 1.5 cm (plus minus 5 mm). The fact is that if you place the grains deeper, then they may not rise at all. In the best case, the first sprouts appear later than necessary.
It is also very important to cover the plantings with dry, light soil. You can even mix it with a little river sifted sand.
REMEMBER! You do not need to create additional difficulties for tomatoes when germinating seeds.
How to plant tomatoes
The very procedure for planting tomato grains in the soil is not very complicated.
- We carry out the preparation of containers. We make drainage holes in containers and pour drainage.
- We fill the containers with light nutritious soil and slightly moisten it.
- We make holes with a depth of 1.5 cm. If you plant in a common container, then between the holes should be about 4-5 cm. You can sow in furrows located at the same distance.
- We lay the seeds in the holes and lightly sprinkle them with dry earth.
- Moisturize the soil. Watering must be done carefully. It is better to spray water with a syringe or spray gun.
- We close the containers with a plastic bag, a plastic or glass lid and put in a warm dark place. For example, under the battery.
- Now it remains only to wait for the emergence of seedlings. This will happen in about a week, plus or minus a few days. All this time you need to regularly ventilate the landing (just open the improvised greenhouse for a while) and make sure that the earth does not dry out.
Tomato seeds sprouted what to do next
After 1-1.5 weeks, the first sprouts will appear. After that, containers with seedlings for several days need to be moved to a slightly cooler place. If, while waiting for seedlings, the temperature should be about 25 degrees, then after the appearance of the first shoots - 18 degrees.
When all the seedlings appear (3-4 days), you need to take containers with seedlings and rearrange them in a warm well-lit place where they will stay all the time, until the moment you plant them in a permanent place in the garden.
After the seedlings appear 3 real leaves, dive. After picking, seedlings can be fed twice. The fertilizer spacing is 14 days.
When the weather is set outside the window, seedlings need to start preparing for transplantation. Conduct another feeding, and then begin hardening.
How to choose the time for transplanting tomato in the open ground in 2020
Transplanting tomatoes to the garden is preceded by a hardening procedure. It is essential for plants that are accustomed to a mild indoor climate and constant care. No matter how hard you try, you cannot provide home-like care. So, plants need to be gradually accustomed to the more severe conditions of the garden.
The procedure is carried out for several days with a gradual increase in the time that the seedlings spend outside the house. They usually begin with 15-30 minutes. It all depends on what condition the plants are at a particular moment. Ideally, hardening ends with an overnight stay of all the seedlings on the street.
Thus, we can conclude that the time of tomato transplantation in the garden should be determined by the prevailing weather conditions.
Tomatoes are a thermophilic culture that does not tolerate frost. Therefore, by the time of disembarkation, warm weather should settle in, warm up the soil and pass the threat of return frosts.
In our country, such weather finally arrives in late May - early June. Summer residents in the South begin landing a little earlier, but there is no need to rush beyond the Volga with a transplant. It is better to transfer it to the first decade of summer.
In addition to weather conditions, the seedlings themselves should be ready to transplant to the garden. Plants should be healthy, without signs of disease, with 8-10 true leaflets and preferably with at least one ovary.
ON A NOTE. Even if the temperature is high and the heat has come ahead of schedule, after planting, tomatoes need to be covered with old buckets or spanbond for the night.
Planting tomatoes for seedlings is an important procedure that requires the summer resident to have maximum concentration and attention to detail. The process itself is technically not very complicated, but it presents a number of requirements that must be followed if you want to get a decent tomato crop in the future.