Growing lavender from seeds at home
Glorified by S. Rotaru and the author of the words M. Shabrov, mountain lavender brought this flower a dash of romance and quiet sadness. Small lilac flowers have always been valued less than the exuded aromas of lavender and its beneficial properties. However, today this plant can be easily grown in its garden, near the house or even on the windowsill. In return, you will get everything - an excellent home decoration, and a wonderful, healthy tea supplement, and you can enjoy the fresh aromas of the meadow throughout almost the entire summer and part of autumn.
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Lavender - a very undemanding plant to care for. To some extent, it easily grows by itself. And in this article we will tell you what lavender you can choose (and there are a lot of varieties), how to grow good seedlings and what to do to make this plant a regular guest on your site.
How to determine the time of sowing lavender?
Although Lavender is a cold-resistant plant, its seeds do not have any good germination rates. Therefore, at the slightest unfavorable factors, they may rise sparse or not appear from the earth at all.
Therefore, it is best to grow Lavender in Russia first by seedlings, and then, when there is already enough light and quite warm on the street, transfer it to a permanent place.
Speaking averagely within the country, seedlings should be planted around the end of February. And transplantation on open ground should be done no earlier than May.
How to prepare planting material for sowing?
Along with the mandatory calcination of the soil, it will not be superfluous to soak the seeds before planting in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. This is a standard step for any seedlings, but it is always effective.
However, the most important point for Lavender is another - mandatory stratification or hardening of seeds.
Lavender Seed Stratification
The stratification of Lavender seeds consists in keeping the seed at low temperatures (+ 2-4aboutFROM). They do this most often in the refrigerator and thus create an imitation of natural conditions when the seeds hibernate under a layer of snow and melt water.
ATTENTION! Stratification of Lavender seeds cannot be undone. Otherwise, the plant will either not rise at all, or will grow weak and sick.
You need to put seeds in the refrigerator for a reason. There are several ways:
- Lavender seeds are placed on one cotton pad soaked in water, after which they need to be covered with another moist cotton pad. All this is put in some kind of container, covered with a bag and left in the refrigerator. Periodically, seeds should be removed, inspected, and re-wetted with water.
- The same can be done on some piece of fabric. It is divided in half: on one part the seeds are laid out, and on the other they are covered like a blanket. Everything is also wetted, put in a cold place and also periodically checked.
- The easiest way is to collect sand, moisten it with water, mix the seeds in it and leave it in a closed container in the refrigerator. When the time comes for seedlings, all this mixture of sand and seeds can be scattered in prepared containers without separation.
Stratification is carried out for a long time: ideally up to 6 weeks, but at least 3-4 weeks. This must be taken into account in order to comply with all terms of work with seedlings. If you plant Lavender in early March, then you need to stratify the seeds already in mid or late January.
Varieties of Lavender. Which is better to choose?
At least 30 species of lavender grow in the wild. But only a part of them are enduringly popular in cultural breeding.
It is resistant to frost, but most often the variety is chosen for use in traditional medicine. It is believed that in this Lavender the most useful properties.
Variety resistant to cold and drought, the main feature of which is the exuded pleasant aromas.
The variety is the fruit of the work of domestic gardeners. Southerner needs stratification, but she feels great in most of Russia in the open.
This variety can grow in one place up to 20 years! It differs in purple flowers with white fluff - from a distance the color because of this it seems blue. This lavender is not afraid of frost.
Frost-resistant variety, very suitable for cultivation throughout the middle zone, in the Urals, in Siberia. It is characterized by very long shoots (up to 1 m), almost completely strewn with purple flowers.
An interesting dwarf variety, the main feature of which can be called inflorescences - they are dark purple or lilac. And sometimes on one plant both colors are present at once.
Neat variety, barely exceeding 20 cm in height. It has a strong immunity to pests and diseases. But loves the sun very much.
When to sow Lavender seedlings in 2020 according to the lunar calendar?
An experienced person, growing seedlings, will try to take into account a lot: weather, climate, his abilities, but he will also look into the lunar calendar.
Favorable days for planting Lavender in 2020, depending on the month
Lavender is usually planted in February and March. But there are those who can deal with seeds in January.
Favorable dates for working with seedlings in 2020 will be:
- IN january: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 – 26,27,28,29,30,31 numbers.
- IN February: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 – 24,25,26,27,28,29 numbers.
- IN march: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 – 25,26,27,28,29,30,31 numbers.
- IN april: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 – 24,25,26,27,28,29,30 numbers.
- IN may: 1,2,3,4,5,6 – 23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31 numbers.
Bad days for gardening for 2020:
- IN january: January 10 is the full moon, January 25 is the new moon.
- IN February: February 9 is the full moon, February 23 is the new moon.
- IN march: March 9 - the full moon, March 24 - the new moon.
- IN april: April 8 - the full moon, April 23 - the new moon.
- IN may: May 7 - the full moon, May 22 - the new moon.
When to plant depending on the region?
Of course, there are differences in the actions of growing seedlings in different regions of Russia. For example, it is known that in the middle lane any variety of this plant can grow. But it is better to give preferences to frost-resistant ones: Lavender English, Narrow-leaved, etc.
In Moscow and Moscow region
In the Moscow region, lavender is usually planted in the second half of February. The plant is ready for transplantation by the beginning or middle of May.
In the middle lane
About the same can be said about the entire middle lane. Seedlings - mainly in February, transplants - in mid-May.
In the Urals
The Ural region is well suited for growing lavender. But it is better to plant seedlings at the very end of February or even the beginning of March. Then the transplant will take place at the end of May, when the weather already definitely should not bring surprises.
In Siberia, it’s also worthwhile to slightly shift the timing for seedlings at the beginning of March, and to transfer to an open area to coincide by the end of spring.
In the Leningrad region
As in the entire middle lane, and in the Leningrad region and in the north-west of the country, Lavanda is sown in late February, and transplanted in the second half of May.
How to choose a capacity for landing?
Lavender needs a wide and shallow container. It is optimal to fill up 5-7 cm of soil in height. Plus, make a drainage layer of 2-3 cm.
Planting lavender seeds. Step by step
The general plan of action for growing Lavender from seeds is as follows:
- Around January (late December) lay Lavender seeds for stratification in the refrigerator. Periodically get and check. It is advisable to withstand so a month or even a half.
- Prepare a shallow container in late February or early March. Fill the bottom with a drainage layer and fill it with loose nutrient soil from above. To water.
- Sow seeds into small grooves. Sprinkle lightly.
- Cover the container (polyethylene or glass), put in a warm place, where the day will be more than +20aboutC, and at night not lower than +16aboutFROM.
- Harden seedlings from the second day. First remove the covering material for 10 minutes a day, but add 5-10 minutes every day.
- Water often, but a little. First, from the sprayer, after the emergence of sprouts - with a small watering can or syringe, so as not to fall on the leaves of seedlings.
- In the future, water 2-3 times a week.
- The first pick is carried out at will when the seedlings will have at least 2 of their own leaves (not including cotyledons).
- Transplant plants need transshipment, with a lump of land. This is usually best done in May.
What depth should I plant?
Small lavender seeds need to be planted in grooves in the ground (not deeper than 1 cm) and barely sprinkled with earth or sand on top.
How to plant lavender in peat tablets?
Peat tablets are well suited for growing any seedlings and Lavender in particular.
ON A NOTE. Although there is an opinion that it is better to grow Lavender in a common container, and not in individual containers.
If you still prefer peat tablets, then 1-2 hours before sowing, leave them in a container of water so that they are saturated with moisture. Then put the tablets in a dry container, and in special recesses in the center, pour 2-3 seeds of Lavender.
After a couple of weeks, you can pee the grown bushes, or you can leave it like that.
When the time comes, you can transplant Lavender directly in peat tablets.
How to care for Lavender seedlings, what tricks?
Great difficulties with the care of seedlings of Lavender usually does not arise. It is important only to give the sprouts a lot of light (12-14 hours a day), and also not to subject them to sharp temperature drops.
Lavender seeds sprouted, what to do next?
When the sprouts appeared, the first thing they change was watering. Now you can not spray water, but you need to water the soil along the edge of the container. Water should not fall on the leaves and stalks of Lavender.
When the sprouts grow enough, the covering material from the container is removed completely.
How to feed Lavender seedlings?
Lavender can easily do without fertilizing throughout its growth, if the soil is sufficiently nutritious. But if not, give preference to universal mixtures with an approximate processing frequency of 1-2 times a month.
Lavender Dive Rules
Lavender dive at will, as it willingly grows and in groups of several sprouts.
But if you dive, then a couple of hours before that, it is advisable to moisten the soil, and then carefully, together with a lump of earth, pull out some of the sprouts (they can be transplanted to a new place).
Is it possible to sow seeds immediately in open ground?
Yes, this is permissible, but it is better to do this only in the southern regions, where in April Lavender will have enough light and heat.
When to plant seedlings in open ground?
Usually in May, when the daylight hours are more than 14 hours, and the temperature even at night does not fall below +12aboutFROM.
Frequently Asked Questions
Consider the most common questions on growing lavender.
What to buy soil for growing seedlings?
Lavender is grown in loose, well-permeable nutrient soil and air and moisture. Universal mixtures are suitable.
How can seeds be stimulated for further growth?
It is acceptable to use drugs: Kornevin, Epin.
Why don't seeds germinate?
The most common reason is a lack of light. Lavender needs at least 14 hours of daylight per day.
Why soak the seeds?
This is done to wake up the processes of growth that are sleeping in them. And in the case of Lavender - it also helps to stratify the seeds - just like in the wild, where they winter in the open.
How to harden seedlings?
From the second day after sowing, open for 10 minutes a day, adding 5-10 minutes each time. Around the beginning of May, 1-2 weeks before the transplant, take out for an hour first, then longer and longer.
What to do if seedlings do not grow?
Change the location of the container. Choose the most lighted window sill (south or west side).
Although some gardeners are sure that growing Lavender from seeds is the most difficult and troublesome choice of propagation of this plant, we have proved that there is nothing supernatural in it. It is only important to know a couple of secrets: it is necessary to stratify the seeds for at least a month and provide enough light to the sprouts throughout the growth.
As a result, you are sure to grow your own lavender, which will first please the eye, and in the fall will be a wonderful spicy addition to hot teas.