How to transplant cyclamen at home: step-by-step instructions
One of the most beautiful indoor plants is considered to be cyclamen. This plant is quite unpretentious to the conditions of detention, has a beautiful decorative appearance, does not require special care.
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But periodically the flower has to be replanted. In what cases it is necessary to do this and how to correctly perform the transplant procedure - this and much more will be described below.
How to determine that a flower needs a transplant?
It is possible to determine that a flower needs a transplant by the following signs:
- the roots begin to crawl out of the drainage hole;
- flowering becomes less active.
For sale in stores, these flowers come in small pots, and the soil in which they are planted is most often ordinary peat.
Sellers usually feed plants with fertilizers so that they bloom actively, but peat is quickly depleted, so experts recommend replacing cyclamen in another pot filled with a nutrient substrate after purchase.
If the roots begin to crawl out of the drainage hole, this indicates that the pot has become small to the plant. In this case, a transfer to a more spacious container is required.
Is it possible to transplant a flowering plant
Experienced flower growers and specialists warn: it is impossible to transplant flowering indoor plants. During the flowering period, plants spend a lot of strength and nutrients on the formation of buds and flowering, therefore, after transplanting at this time, cyclamen will drop its petals, will acclimatize in a new pot for a long time and most likely will not bloom this season.
Note! But still, sometimes cyclamen has to be transplanted during flowering in exceptional cases. One such exceptional case is forced pre-sale distillation of plants. As a result, cyclamen blooms ahead of schedule, and at the end of flowering it almost always dies.
Save this flowering plant can only emergency transplant. At the cyclamen, all the buds are cut off and a pot is prepared for transplantation. It is filled with soil, in which there is little fertilizer and no growth stimulants. And until the next period of natural flowering, the transplanted plant needs to create all the conditions so that it "falls" into a dormant state. In this case, the next flowering of cyclamen will take place at the time set by nature.
Determine the type of cyclamen
At home, flower growers grow the following varieties of cyclamen:
- Persian - in this species, the leaf plates are large enough, of a uniform dark emerald color on both sides. The color palette of blooming flowers is wide. The first buds appear in the first decade of November, flowering continues until spring. Then, for all varieties of Persian cyclamen, a rest period begins. When planting, the tubers of this variety are buried in the ground by 2/3 of the length of the bulb;
- European - significantly different in appearance from the Persian cyclamen. On the underside, the small leaves of this cyclamen are dark red. The flowers are smaller than in Persian, the color of the petals is pale pink. Blooming buds exude a pleasant delicate aroma. The first buds on European cyclamen can appear in the first decade of March, and the last flowers fall in the fall. The leaves of this plant do not turn yellow and do not fall, even during dormancy, so this cyclamen does not lose its decorative effect throughout the year. When planting the tubers of this green "pet" is completely covered with a layer of soil;
- purple - this is an evergreen (sometimes deciduous) tuberous perennial plant, reaching a height of 9.5 cm, the diameter of the rosette is about 9 cm. The foliage has a round or heart-shaped shape, dark emerald color on the upper side of the leaf plates, the color of the leaves from below may be red with purple tint. The blossoming buds have a pleasant smell; the color of the petals varies from light carmine to deep red. The first flowers appear in the second decade of July, and the last fall in the last decade of August - the first decade of September.
Any of these types of cyclamens will be a beautiful addition to the room interior, and the choice of a specific variety remains with the grower himself.
When to transplant?
All types of these indoor “pets” are transplanted only after flowering, when they enter the dormant stage. Different types of cyclamens are transplanted in different ways.
The Persian variety is required to be transplanted twice per year. In the last decade of May or the first decade of June, it is planted so that the tuber is only slightly covered with a layer of soil. When the leaf rosette grows, the plant is transplanted again, while 1/3 of the tuber should be above the soil surface.
The purple variety should be replanted every 3-4 seasons in the spring, before the beginning of the active growth of green mass.
The European appearance of this flowering plant is transplanted after flowering - in the last decade of September.
In which pot to transplant
The pot for this flowering "pet" is picked up a little more than the previous one, because in large containers the root system of these plants will rot, as a result the flower dies.
If an old flowerpot is taken for transplantation, it must be disinfected immediately before the transplantation procedure. Rinse and dry the new container.
In which soil to transplant
Soil for planting cyclamens can be purchased in a specialized store, or prepared at home. To do this, mix in equal proportions horse peat, completely overripe humus and leafy soil. Then, the prepared nutrient substrate for disinfection is calcined in the oven or spilled with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Step-by-step instructions for transplanting cyclamen
It is not difficult to transplant these home flowers, but a number of rules are required:
- the first layer laid on the bottom of the tank is drainage. You can use medium expanded clay, small pebbles or crushed pieces of bricks;
- then the pot is filled with prepared nutrient soil mixture, not reaching its edges by 2-2.5 cm;
- the plant is removed from the pot with an earthen lump, gently shaking the ground from the roots;
- the root system is carefully examined before landing in a new place. If there are dried, damaged or broken off roots, they need to be cut with a sharp knife, and the places of cuts should be treated with wood dust;
- the tuber is placed in the center of the pot, spreading the roots on the sides. Top with the remaining nutrient substrate, Top of the root head must be left open.
Need to remember! The transplant is carried out carefully, trying not to damage the roots. Otherwise, the plant will be sick for a long time. With severe damage to the roots, it can simply die after transplantation.
It is important to properly water the flower after transplanting. Pour water into the pot in portions, waiting until the previous moisture has completely absorbed into the ground.
How to plant cyclamen
This flowering plant is planted in the following ways: by separating tubers or rosettes.
- the bulbs are removed from the pots and carefully dried;
- then they are divided into parts, in each of which there should be a kidney and a couple of roots;
- place delenki in a shaded place to dry sections;
- after landing, the pots are placed so that they do not get direct sunlight.
- an escape is taken from the mother tuber and planted in moist soil;
- polyethylene is pulled over the plant to create a greenhouse effect;
- after 14-20 days young shoots appear on the shoots;
- when growing a new outlet, you need to maintain a certain temperature in the room;
- in the future, care for grown new outlets does not differ from care for adult cyclamens.
If the planting process is carried out correctly, then flower growers will soon have a whole plantation of cyclamens.
Within 25-30 days after the transplant procedure, this flower needs only properly conducted watering. Water is added only filtered, at room temperature. It should not be watered too abundantly - in this case the moisture will stagnate in the soil, leading to rotting of the root system.
For a month, tender plants are fully acclimatized in a new pot. If cyclamen was transplanted before the onset of the dormant period, then the number of irrigations is gradually reduced to a minimum, growth stimulants and top dressing are also not introduced.
Note! If the flower was transplanted after a period of rest, then after 25-29 days after transplanting, regular watering is resumed, and fertilizers are periodically necessary for the growth and flowering.
How to water after transplanting
After transplanting, the plants do not need much moisture, otherwise it will only stagnate in the soil, which is detrimental to the delicate roots. Moisture is added as the topsoil dries up.
If the room is too dry (during the heating season or in the summer heat), the aboveground part can be sprayed from the spray gun, taking care not to get on the flower petals and the upper part of the tuber sticking out of the soil.
Why does not bloom after transplantation
Common reasons that the plant does not bloom after transplantation may be:
- wrong plant transplant (depending on the variety: full deepening of the tuber, or incomplete deepening of the tuber);
- flower defeat pathogens or pests;
- This variety is transplanted before the onset of dormancy, therefore, buds are not formed.
Most often, the lack of buds on the plant is the result of improper flower transplantation or improper care of it after this procedure.
Possible transplant errors
The most common mistakes of gardeners when transplanting this green "handsome" should include:
- the size of the new pot is too large;
- wrong time for transplantation;
- frequent and plentiful watering;
- regular watering and feeding, when the plant is preparing for the transition to a dormant state;
- non-compliance with the basic rules of transplanting a plant.
The main errors in transplanting cyclamens are associated with ignorance of the characteristics of a particular plant. If the flower grower first acquaints himself with the nuances of carrying out such a procedure, then he will not have problems.
Frequently Asked Questions
Most often, beginner growers ask the following questions about transplanting cyclamens.
How often does this flower transplant?
The frequency of transplantation of these plants depends on the variety of cyclamen and on how the bulb has grown in the pot.
Why did the European cyclamen not bloom after the autumn transplant?
Because this species is transplanted before the start of its rest period. If the florist tries to artificially cause the development of buds in such cyclamen, this can lead to the death of the flower.
Find out more from the video below:
True connoisseurs of delicate, blossoming cyclamen like flying butterflies make every effort to ensure that this flower feels comfortable at home. A properly carried out transplant of tubers will serve cyclamen only for the benefit.