When to plant cucumbers for seedlings in 2020
Cucumbers are a rather capricious culture that requires not only special care, but also the right planting time.
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Your future crop depends on what day you sow the seeds. Therefore, it is very important to determine the correct time for sowing cucumbers into the ground.
How to determine the time of sowing?
Cucumbers planted only in warm soil. The optimum soil temperature is 15 degrees. The plant is very afraid of the cold, and even a slight drop in temperature can kill crops. Therefore, it is advisable to plant cucumbers when the thermometer column does not fall below 20 degrees even in the morning.
But remember that you should not wait for the heat. Because of it, the period of adaptation of cucumbers in the soil increases.
Also, when determining the time of sowing cucumbers, you need to focus on the variety, planting method and climatic conditions of your region. It is logical that in the northern regions the landing of cucumbers in the ground will be carried out a little later than in the south.
IT IS INTERESTING. The popular sign of Central Russia says that cucumbers should be planted when the lilac blooms.
When to sow cucumber seeds in 2020 according to the lunar calendar?
For growing in greenhouses, cucumbers are planted from February to April. Everything, of course, depends on the climate of the region. In the South, sowing is done earlier, and in colder regions - later.
This year auspicious days are considered:
- in February - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29.
- in March - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31.
- in April - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30.
- in February - 8, 9, 10, 22, 23, 24.
- in March - 8, 9, 10, 23, 24, 25.
- in April - 7, 8, 9, 22, 23, 24.
For planting in the open ground in our country, cucumbers begin to be sown in May. It is in this month that the air warms up to the desired temperature.
According to the lunar calendar in 2020, favorable days are May 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31.
Do not work on the days of the full moon (May 7th) and the new moon, which falls on 22 number.
June is the second favorable month for planting cucumbers.
This year in June, good dates for landing are 1, 2, 3, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30. Adverse - June 4, 5, 6, 19, 20 and 22.
Sowing according to moon phases
The moon has 4 phases:
- New moon.
- First quarter.
- Full moon.
- Last quarter.
It is generally accepted to plant cucumbers in the 2nd and 4th phases of the moon. In the new moon and full moon it is better not to plant anything.
IT IS INTERESTING. The most favorable time for landing is the 2 phase of the moon. It is believed that it gives plants extra strength for growth and energy.
Experienced gardeners do not advise planting anything in the garden, not only on the new moon, but also on the previous and next days. The same goes for the full moon.
Favorable days in 2020 depending on the month
If you have the opportunity to do the garden on any day, it is best to plan the following dates for planting cucumbers:
- In February - 1 – 7, 25 – 29.
- In March - 1 – 7, 26 – 31.
- In April - 1 – 6, 25 – 30.
- In May - 1 – 5, 24 – 31.
- In June - 1 – 3, 23 – 30.
If you plan to get a later crop, then in July are favorable days for planting seeds in the ground - 1, 2, 3.
And here are the days on which it is definitely better to find another occupation:
- February - 8 – 10, 22 – 24.
- March - 8 – 10, 23 – 25.
- April - 7 – 9, 22 – 24.
- May - 7, 8 , 21, 22.
- June - 4 – 6, 20 – 22.
- July - 4 – 6.
For these dates, it’s best not to plan any crops at all.
Landing according to time
Often, summer residents are wondering what time of day it is better to plant cucumbers? It all depends on whether the seeds are germinated or not.
Dry seeds can be planted at any time of the day. Sprouted is best placed in the ground in the evening.
Firstly, in this way they get into warm and moist soil. Secondly, planting seeds in the morning means a strong heating of the sprout during the day. This negatively affects the timing of plant development.
When to plant depending on the region?
When planting cucumbers, it is very important to take into account the specifics of the region. It is already warming in the south in April, which means that you can start sowing a little earlier. In the Urals and Siberia, sowing is better to carry out later.
In Moscow and Moscow region
In this region, seedlings begin to be sown no earlier than mid-April, and in open ground - after May 10, depending on air temperature.
In the Middle Strip of Russia
In Central Russia, seedlings for planting in open ground are also sown in the second half of May, depending on the lunar calendar.
In the Urals
In the Ural region, cucumbers should be planted for seedlings not earlier than the beginning of May, and sowing in the garden not earlier than June.
In this region, cucumbers should be planted at the same time as in the Urals. For seedlings - in early May, in open ground - in June.
Such terms are due to the need to protect cucumbers from the last morning frost, which can "beat" the plant.
How to choose the time for sowing in open ground?
All indicated sowing dates are approximate. The main reference point when planting cucumbers is the temperature of the soil and the environment. If in the middle of May your region is cold, then there can be no talk of any planting of cucumbers.
First of all, study the weather forecast for at least the next week after the proposed landing. If weather forecasters promise about 20 degrees of heat, then you can safely go to the garden.
If the temperature is not forecast to exceed 15 degrees, then sowing should be postponed until warming.
IMPORTANT! After planting the plants, cover the planted area with covering material (spanbond, agrospan, etc.). It will become additional protection for your landings from possible cold weather.
What time is suitable for planting in a greenhouse?
In a greenhouse, the soil heats up to the desired temperature earlier, so you can sow cucumbers in covered ground 10-20 days earlier than in the garden.
Sowing season depending on the variety
Ultra-early varieties (for example, "Fortress") can be planted a little earlier, because they are more resistant to adverse conditions.
Later varieties (for example, "Rodnichok", "Raznosol", "Dasha") have improved taste, but are more capricious to growing conditions. They are planted late in May or even in the summer, when the street becomes stable warm.
Producers often indicate recommended planting dates on the back of the seed packaging. If you plant cucumbers for the first time yourself, then this information will be the best solution.
NOTE! Only self-pollinated hydrides are planted in greenhouses. Therefore, when buying cucumbers, carefully study the information on the package. Otherwise, you risk being left without a crop.
Features of sowing seeds
Cucumbers should not be sown too deeply. Approximately 2 - 2.5 cm. You need to sprinkle with dry earth without lumps. So the seedlings will sprout faster.
It is necessary to compress the seeds, given that the plant will grow greatly in the future. At the same time, there is always a chance that some of the seeds will not sprout. That is why 3-4 seeds are immediately put into the furrow or hole.
The most commonly used cucumber planting patterns are single-line and two-line. Both circuits are shown in the figure below.
Also, sometimes the seeds are sown in a checkerboard pattern at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other.
When planting plants in a greenhouse, wire trellises are stretched over the beds. The whips of the plant will be tied to them.
What conditions are needed for growing seedlings
If you decide to first grow seedlings of cucumbers and only then plant the plants in open ground or a greenhouse, then you need to create suitable conditions.
The ideal temperature for seedling growth is 22 - 24 degrees. If the room is warmer, the plants will be too weak. They can die from the slightest cooling. Also, in seedlings grown in heat, roots form much worse.
Ideal humidity is 80 - 85%. If the room is too dry, seedlings can be sprayed, placed next to containers with water or use special humidifiers.
It is very important to protect the seedlings from drafts and cold air from the window leaves. To do this, you can make an impromptu greenhouse.
NOTE! When your cucumbers appear the first leaves, move the containers with seedlings apart. Plants should not touch leaves.
What soil is needed for growing seedlings?
The best solution to this problem is to buy special soil at a hardware store.
If you do not have the opportunity to buy suitable soil for growing seedlings, then you can prepare it yourself.
You will need to mix the following components:
- Humus - 1 bucket.
- Sheet land - 1 bucket.
- Ash (you can use sawdust) - 200 gr.
- Potassium sulfate -10 g and superphosphate - 20 g.
The resulting mixture is disinfected. To do this, it is treated with potassium permanganate at the rate of 3 g per 1 bucket of water and antifungal drugs. Also, some summer residents prefer to "steam" the soil mixture over boiling water.
IMPORTANT! It is undesirable to use land from your garden for growing seedlings.
How can seeds be stimulated for further growth and a large, healthy crop?
Like other plants, cucumbers require nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. If you did not fertilize the soil before planting, then seedlings need to be fertilized 3 times.
- The first top dressing is carried out when 1 of this leaf appears.
- The second - when the second appears.
- The third - when transplanting into open ground or a greenhouse.
The most affordable way to stimulate seeds is Agricola.
After transplanting seedlings, cucumbers can be fed several times with Epin, Zircon, Mortar and other similar preparations.
From organic fertilizers, infusion of chicken and cow manure, reflux of foliage and humus are used. 150-200 g of such a mixture is poured 10 liters of water and left for two days for fermentation.
IMPORTANT! Do not overdo the amount of fertilizer. Excess nutrients will negatively affect the harvest.
Why don't seeds germinate?
- Too cold. Cucumbers are very sensitive to soil temperature and the environment. Seeds will not sprout if the street is less than 15 degrees.
- Seeds were planted too deep. Cucumbers do not need to be sown too deep, and you need to sprinkle seeds with a small amount of earth. Otherwise, the sprouts simply can not break out.
- Not enough moisture. Cucumber is 95% water, and the lack of moisture does not tolerate very well. Therefore, before planting the seeds, the wells need to be watered.
- Excessive moisture. When planting, remember that the earth should be moist, but water should not accumulate in the hole. Due to excess moisture, mold may appear, which will destroy the seeds.
- Seeds were not properly stored or improperly prepared for planting. Some gardeners habitually soak in a solution of potassium permanganate, but this is very dangerous, since the concentrate can "burn" the seeds.
- The seeds are "gone." The more bags of seeds stored in your table, the more likely they will never sprout.
- The time has not come yet. Different varieties and hybrids have different germination times. You may be worried too soon.
Why soak the seeds?
Soaking seeds before planting has two purposes:
- Check seed for germination. It's no secret that sometimes bags get caught in a bag. Seeds can be old, sick, etc. If they do not sprout, then all efforts to grow cucumbers will be in vain. So that this does not happen, soak is carried out. Must sprout at least 60% of the seeds.
- Sprout seeds faster. Thanks to soaking, already sprouted seeds fall into the ground, which will sprout faster.
How to harden seedlings?
Hardening is an important part of preparing seedlings for planting in a permanent place. It is necessary to prepare plants for new conditions.
Hardening seedlings should begin 7-10 days before the intended planting in a greenhouse or open ground.
Tanks with seedlings are exposed on a window with an open window leaf. First for 1-2 hours. Then the time spent in the sun gradually increases. It is necessary to conduct hardening in the morning in calm weather.
If you live in a private house, then the seedlings can even be taken out for a short while. However, this is not worth doing if you have frosts in the morning.
Why seedlings are pulled
Among the reasons why your seedlings have become thin and elongated:
- Not enough light.
- Wrong watering.
- Too small capacity.
Cucumber seedlings need to provide a sufficient amount of light, a temperature of no higher than 24 degrees and a sufficient capacity. Under these conditions, your seedlings will be strong and healthy and will perfectly transfer the planting to a permanent place.
- Most summer residents try to plant cucumbers on May 19 ("on Denis-Borage").
- Another sign that it is time to plant cucumbers - flowers circled on apple trees and dandelions bloom profusely.
- The last day of planting according to popular beliefs is June 5 ("Falalei-borage").
- There is a belief that cucumbers planted on Wednesday and Friday will taste bitter.
You need to plant cucumbers when the threat of morning frosts finally gets warmer on the street and passes. Usually this happens in the middle - the second half of May.
But, if the winter in your region is delayed, and warm days do not come, it is better to postpone the planting of cucumbers for a while. It’s better to get the crop a little later than usual, than not to get it at all.