An experiment with planting strawberries under a non-woven black material (spanbond)
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- Yandex Zen
Today I started an experiment on growing strawberries under non-woven black material. This material is used as mulch. I will tell you how the landing process went on, what difficulties you may encounter.
How to plant under a spanbond?
- First of all, we dug up a bed. You need to choose a place for a bed with fertile soil.
- Next, you need to lay your chosen non-woven material. What brand it will be is not so important (spanbond, lutrasil, agrospan), the main thing is that it should be quite dense at less than 50-60 g / m2. Strawberries should not be planted under a black film. The film is less durable, faster cracking, also does not let moisture in and does not allow the soil to breathe.
- For planting under black material, I selected a small area of 150 cm x 150 cm. When measuring the material, you need to take a margin of about 20 cm on each side. These 20 cm will be used to fix the material to the ground. Someone fixes, digging in with the earth, someone with iron pins, someone like me with stones. Land for me is a very valuable resource, and I allocated a small area for this type of planting, so I used cobblestones.
- When the material is attached to the ground, you need to make markings on it, so that later on you can make cuts in the right places. I made cuts in the material cross to cross, not very large so that weeds would not germinate. It is advisable to leave 50-60 cm between rows so that it is convenient to walk, in my case, the landing pattern is 30 x 40 cm, since I have a small bed and a small area.
- We make incisions in the material with the help of an office knife.
- Before planting, I added universal flower soil purchased in a store to each well. I also poured Agricola solution into each well. Diluted in 10 liters of water 25 grams of the substance.
- In advance seedlings were poured overnight with a weak solution of Phytosporin, diluted 1 tsp into 10 liters of water.
- Planted 16 strawberry bushes, 3 different varieties. Varieties: "Merchant", "Ostara", "Queen Elizabeth 2". "Merchant" - planted adult plants, "Ostara" - seedlings, "Queen Elizabeth 2" was divided from the bush, so the seedlings turned out to be a bit frail, but later on.
- In order not to get confused in the grades in the future, I made plates with the name of the varieties, laminated them with scotch tape.
- Planted strawberries so that all the bushes were at the level of the soil. If the landing is too deep, they will begin to rot; if the landing is not deep, they will begin to dry out. Also make sure that the soil does not get into the outlet, otherwise the seedling will grow worse.
- I tried to choose the weather not hot, but the weather forecast let me down, so I installed arcs and pulled white non-woven material to create shading, without shading, the seedlings will die if the weather is hot.
- The next day, when the sun set, sprayed the bushes with a weak Epina solution, the dilution instructions are indicated on the packaging.
Attention! Do not use black film mulch in hot regions, it overheats and does not allow moisture to pass through.
What to look for and a checklist of conclusions
- We plant healthy plants that have a more developed root system, they better take root.
- It is better to plant in the early spring, when frosts have passed, but it’s not very hot yet. Or make a landing in the fall. Seedlings take root faster. If time is lost, then choose a cloudy day, as it turned out in my case, one day after landing it started to rain and for 3 days there was cloudy weather. This has helped plants better tolerate stress.
- If the temperature is above 25-27 degrees, then be sure to shade the plants. In hot regions, under such material it is better to plant in a shaded place, for example, under young apple trees, as in my case.
- For large plantings, drip irrigation.
The advantages of such a landing
- The black non-woven material makes an excellent mulch, you do not have to constantly weed.
- The material holds moisture well. Strawberry is a thermophilic plant, but drying out leads to sad results. Therefore, black material - ideal for retaining moisture.
- Moisture passes perfectly through the material, as well as air.
- Useful earthworms like to settle under the material.
- Mulch does not rot.
- Berries ripen faster.
- In regions with hot weather, it is advisable to shade plants and be sure to drip water, black attracts light and plants can get burned. Another option is to use white material.
- You can’t get a mustache for seedlings. They will need to be planted on a separate bed.
In my opinion, this technique has more pros than cons. Whether this works for you can be found out only in one way - it is to plant strawberries in this way ourselves. Since this is an experiment, there is a video below where I planted strawberries in this way. In a month I will unsubscribe what happened to me. Follow our experiments.
Video of our experiment
In the video below you will see the beginning of our experiment