Tomato Mongolian dwarf: tomato variety description with photo
“Mongolian dwarf” is a tomato variety that is widely used among gardeners in Siberia. Information about the origin of this type of tomato is not much. The variety is amateur and allegedly bred by scientists in Novosibirsk. It is not listed in the state register of varieties; seeds are not produced by large firms. However, you can order planting material online from gardeners.
Dear readers! For you, we have created communities in social networks in which useful articles and interesting ideas are published several times a day! Subscribe and get useful content in a convenient format!
- In contact with
- Yandex Zen
Interesting! Some gardeners determine that a tomato is not a “Mongolian dwarf” when they see a plant tied to a peg in the photo. The reason for this is that the variety consists of many short stepsons, so it is impossible to tie it to a support.
Description of the tomato variety “Mongolian dwarf”
Tomato is classified as undersized, high-yielding. He is not fastidious in leaving, and is perfectly appreciated by vegetable growers of Siberia and Transbaikalia. Let's take a closer look at the varietal characteristics of the plant by points.
On average, the height of an adult plant is 20-25 cm, reaching a maximum of 40 cm.
4-5 stems can grow from the root. When the bush reaches 20 cm, its stems begin to bend down and form many stepsons.
After this, the bush begins to grow in diameter and continues to grow in breadth, to spread. Given this feature, during planting, it is necessary to leave enough space for each plant, the distance between the bushes should be equal to 70-80 cm.
Growing in all directions, the plant forms a kind of ball, with a diameter of about 90-110 cm. The root system of the plant is powerful, but at the same time, gardeners note that the roots rarely go deep into the ground and are mostly closer to the surface.
Attention! It is strongly recommended not to pinch this variety. Also, you do not need to pinch or make supports. The plant is fragile.
Flowers and fruits of tomatoes
The variety is considered to be ripe. About a month after planting, the height of the plant stem will be about 7 cm.
Gardeners note that this variety, in comparison with others, will slow down in growth for some time, and also the seeds will germinate for a long time.
The flowers in the variety are simple. Each stepson has 3-4 flowers. The fruits for the undersized variety are large, the first ones weigh up to 200 grams, the next ones weigh less, the last fruits can weigh 65-75 grams. Fruits are hidden under dense foliage, so to speak. It has an extended fruiting period.
The fruits of the tomato are even, the shape is round. The color of the ripened tomato is bright red. The pulp is juicy and dense. It has a characteristic taste for tomatoes, with sourness.
It has a universal purpose; it is suitable both for preservation and for fresh consumption. Sleeping vegetables on the bushes do not crack.
Reviews about the yield of gardeners are different.
Someone says that the “Mongolian dwarf” bears fruit, now empty, now densely someone claims that he is getting excellent harvests.
In different sources you can find information that from one bush You can get up to 10 kg of tomato.
Since the variety is amateur, there is no official data on this subject.
Interesting! According to the observations of summer residents, the variety gives a larger crop and better ovaries, at a temperature of 25-28 degrees.
Tomatoes are recumbent, have elastic fruits. They have good transportability and presentation.
It is believed that the variety is ideally suited for Siberia, good harvests were received in Altai, in the South-East of Russia. The weather for the “Mongolian dwarf” is preferable to arid, and also grows well in areas where autumn is dry and long. Some gardeners successfully grow a variety in greenhouses.
Benefits of the Mongolian Dwarf Tomato
- Very early ripening. When planting seeds in early March, you can get a crop at the end of the 20th of June;
- No need to stepchild and tie up, if there is no opportunity to come to the country often this will be a plus;
- He likes hot weather, as a result of which, he is drought tolerant;
- Due to the formation of a large "cloud" of stepsons, the fruits are not immediately visible, they become invisible for those who like to profit from someone else's crop;
- Low bushes are easy to shelter during frosts, seedlings do not die;
- The fruits are not rotten, despite the fact that they are mainly on the ground;
- Suitable for growing in greenhouses;
- Fruits in a long time;
- Large fruit size for undersized tomatoes;
- It tolerates large temperature differences;
- It has a good ratio of yield to occupied area.
- The variety is amateurish and one of the main disadvantages is the purchase of seeds. Large firms do not produce Mongolian dwarf seeds. You have to order planting material from individuals, which increases the risk of collision with unscrupulous sellers. High probability of acquiring seeds of another variety.
- It does not tolerate oxidized soils.
- Fruiting depends on the method of cultivation, does not tolerate high humidity. High dampness can slow down the growth of a plant and adversely affect the formation of ovaries, and as a result, yield.
- Some gardeners call it "slow-witted", because at the initial stage of growth he sits for a long time, so to speak, and then begins to intensively form stepsons and ovaries.
- He does not like heavy soils.
Like any variety, the Mongolian Dwarf has its pros and cons. Whether it is suitable specifically for you and your conditions, you can find out only by planting it in your garden and experimenting.
Photo of the Mongolian Dwarf
Planting and reproduction
This variety is mainly planted with seeds. Accordingly, the 1st stage of planting is sowing seeds. Let's consider it in more detail step by step:
- Determine the timing of landing. If we want to get fruits in the 20th of June, then the seeds are planted in the first of March. Seed germination, judging by the reviews of gardeners, is approximately 45-60%. Planting can be done both dry and soak pre-planting material in epin. Accordingly, higher germination was observed with soaking. As noted by the owners of the "Mongolian dwarf" seedlings appear longer than other tomatoes.
- For germinating seedlings, standard flowerpots are suitable. Soil can be purchased in specialized stores. You can also use soddy soil or humus. If you take the land from the garden, then it is advisable to keep it at a temperature of 200 degrees in order to neutralize pests that could get there.
- About a month after planting, the height of the plant will be 7-8 cm and 5-6 leaves will appear. After 11 leaflets, plants begin to give stepsons.
- Seedlings can be dived after the appearance of the 3rd true leaf.
Planting seedlings in the ground
- This variety can be planted quite early, as it does not tolerate frosts well. Due to the small height of the bushes, it is not difficult to cover with a film.
- Do not deepen the plant or plant in too deep holes, as the roots of the plant do not go deep.
- As indicated earlier, the bush can grow up to 1 m in diameter, so you must observe the distance when planting seedlings.
- pH 7 of the soil should not be lower than 7. Acidic soil is not welcome.
- It is advisable to mulch the soil under the plant with grass, as the tomatoes will lie on the ground. May become attractive to slugs and other pests.
Attention! This variety does not like high humidity!
Care for tomatoes of this variety
The culture is not whimsical enough, but at the same time you need to follow simple recommendations when caring for the “Mongolian dwarf”
When planting, the plant needs to be watered as the soil dries. Stable watering will contribute to early growth. However, the variety does not tolerate high humidity, if the plant is flooded, or there will be prolonged rains, the crop may not please.
Top dressing is standard. The variety is susceptible to fertilizers. The solution of wood ash will work most favorably. The ratio of the solution is this: add 10 grams of ash to 10 liters of water.
On growing in a greenhouse you can find various reviews. Some get a tomato crop of up to 300 grams per fruit, in others the plant shows worse results. But all unequivocally claim that high humidity in the greenhouse is not well tolerated.
As noted earlier, the variety does not need to be pinched, torn off or stepsoned. A similar number of daughter elements is a varietal feature of the plant. Also, the tomato has a fragile trunk, it does not need a garter.
If it bothers you that the fruits will lie on the ground, it is best to mulch the soil. Gardeners claim that the plant grows in such a way that it does not even need mulching.
Attention! After planting, the initial plant growth rate is lower than that of other varieties.
Diseases and Pests
It is believed that the Mongolian dwarf is quite resistant to disease. At the same time, some gardeners do not recommend this variety for planting in regions where there is a high probability of infection with late blight.
Phytophthora is a fungal disease, which can be recognized by the appearance of brown spots both on the leaves of the plant and on the fruits. Also, the plant is covered with white coating.
This disease develops in places with high humidity and insufficient air. A disease can destroy crops and plants in a matter of days. To combat the disease, preventive treatment is carried out. For treatment fit Fitosporin, Trichodermin and other drugs.
Learn more about the Mongolian Dwarf tomatoes from the video below:
Reviews about the variety "Mongolian dwarf" are ambiguous. Some admire the simplicity of caring for the crop. Others believe that the variety is too advertised.
In our opinion, the variety deserves attention, it has unusual characteristics and you can only find out if it suits you specifically by planting a plant.