Cordilina - 9 types of popular home palm
Different sources cannot agree on which family the Cordilin belongs to: some attribute it to the Agavs, others insist on the Drazenovs.
In its homeland (cordilina is an endemic of New Zealand, but now it is found in all regions with a tropical or subtropical climate), it can reach impressive dimensions - about 16 meters.
it evergreen tree or sprawling bush with xiphoid or linear leaves (their species dictates the variety to which the plant belongs).
When grown in a room of such sizes, cordilina, of course, does not reach 30-150 cm in height - its "ceiling". You can see what size cordillin reaches in room conditions and in nature: the photos show an impressive difference.
Although at home the exot does not reach gigantic proportions, species are known that grow up to one and a half meters. it evergreen herbaceous shrub or tree bush.
The main difference from dracaena, with which cordilina is often confused, is the presence of a petiole and a longitudinal vein on the leaf plate.
With age, the lower leaves fall away, and it acquires an unusual resemblance to a palm tree. The foliage is mostly green, but there are species with a pinkish and reddish color, there are species with spotted patches or longitudinal stripes on the leaves.
Apical, or shrubby
The most common variety for home maintenance. It is characterized by slow growth and a wide variety of colorings of the sheet plate.
The apical species has a strong trunk. Wide elongated leaves cover the entire trunk from the crown to the root, but with age, the lower part of the trunk loses foliage. A whisk of leaves forms on the top of the head.
Bush cordilina grows to 80 cm, long xiphoid leaves give it a resemblance to a small shrub.
Varieties of cordilina
For growing in the house out of all the variety of varieties, only 15 varieties are suitable.
On sale there are breeding plants with a variety of colors - cordilina purpl compacta, cordilina rumba, cordilina green, and small sizes cordilina fruticosis compacta.
Cordyline apical shrub (Cordyline terminalis fruticosa)
Very effective plant, adapts well to the conditions of the apartment. The leaves are rather long and wide, with pronounced longitudinal veins. From grade to grade, the color of the leaves changes.
Cordilina south (Cordyline australis)
Suitable for large rooms or for winter gardens, because it grows as a large tree with a dense trunk, expanding to the root. The trunk is inflexible, without foliage, there is only a thick “cap” of foliage on the top of the head.
The leaves are leathery, long, with a whitish longitudinal vein.
Interesting! In natural conditions it can reach a height of more than 10 meters.
Banks (Cordyline banksii)
This species of plant is distinguished by a thin trunk, a beautiful panicle of long (up to 1.5 meters) leaves, green on the outside and grayish-green on the inside. The height of the bush varies from 1.5 to 3 meters.
Red (Cordyline rubra)
Not constrained by the dimensions of the apartment, this variation of the shrubby variety can grow up to 3 meters. Her foliage is painted bright red.
Undivided (Cordyline indivisa)
In nature, it grows in a huge tree. A straight trunk often exceeds 12 meters high, without leaves, almost does not bend. The leaves are thin, long, with a distinct longitudinal vein.
Direct (Cordyline stricta)
It is distinguished by a thin long trunk, even in indoor conditions it can easily reach up to 3 meters, but it grows rather slowly. Sharp, about half a meter leaf plates can have small notches along the edge, of a beautiful green color. The leaves are pleasant to the touch, slightly velvety.
Fruticosis (Cordyline fruticosa)
In nature, it is distinguished by a deep green color, grows with an impressive tree. As a result of selection, various varieties of foliage color were obtained, fairly compact varieties of up to 50 cm were bred.
It is distinguished by its small size and very spectacular coloring of the leaves: they are deep green in color with a red border along the edge and a yellow-green longitudinal stripe.
This is not one plant, but a method of growing varieties of different colors in one pot.
Signs and superstitions
The main question associated with the new plant - is it possible to keep at home? Will the new flower bring discord and failure?
According to feng shui, cordilina is a carrier of yang male energy, therefore it is better not to put a flower in the bedroom next to the bed.
It is better to determine cordilina in the study, where she will enhance creativity and efficiency, give strength, increase concentration.
Important! It is best to place the cordilina pot in the southern or eastern part of the house.
Cordilina care at home
cordilina is not capricious, it survives well and does not require special skills for growing. However There are a number of recommendations - observing them, you can avoid the main mistakes when growing.
Cordilina not too fond of direct sunlight on the foliage - this can lead to burns, but she doesn’t like a dull shadow.
Bright diffused light is what is required to maintain a bright color of decorative leaves and healthy plant life.
The plant is thermophilic, but in winter there is a period of rest. It is in the winter months that it is better to provide cordiline with cooler conditions - optimum temperature should not exceed +18 ° C.
In summer, you can withstand the temperature range within +25 ° C.
How to water
The amount of moisture in summer and winter requires different. During rest, the pet needs significantly less water than in the spring-summer period.
Therefore, in the winter months it is not watered often, enough once a week, and you must definitely let the soil dry.
It is watered more abundantly in summer, since the earth in the pot dries faster, but not more often 3 times a week.
Since cordilina naturally grows in tropical and subtropical climates, it also requires air with high humidity at home.
Particular attention should be paid to specimens with wide leaves - they more actively evaporate moisture. Cordilin is sprayed once every 2-3 days with standing water at room temperature..
For the pet, complex compositions are suitable. Spring and fall mineral supplements are applied once a week when watering. In winter, the number of top dressings is reduced to 1 per month.
Flowering and fruiting
How cordilina blooms in home growing conditions is rarely seen. She releases a whisk with small white flowers that emit a rather pleasant, not sharp aroma.
To drive flower stalks, you should follow the recommendations for rest time with a mandatory decrease in air temperature.
Planting and transplanting: choosing a pot, soil composition, step-by-step instructions
After the appearance of a new flower in the house, many questions and problems immediately arise. What to pick up soil, a pot, a support, where to put, how often to replant and how to water, feed the plant?
The trans-shipment method is optimal for transplanting cordilina: it allows the plant to move from the old pot to the new one with the least damage to the root.
Young bushes are transplanted once a year in spring. An older bush - older than 3 years old - is transplanted as necessary when the old pot becomes small.
When choosing a plant in a flower shop, pay attention to the condition of the flower. Cordilina should not be lethargic; Avoid specimens with signs of disease — no stains, damage, or discoloration.
Too bright colors of leaf plates with a loose stem can indicate an excessive amount of fertilizer, which also does not affect the health of the flower too well.
Pay attention to the state of the visible part of the root system. There should be no signs of mechanical damage and decay from excessive watering..
Support for the false palm
For plants exceeding a height of 1 meter, it is better to choose a support. Since cordilina is not a liana and does not produce long weaving shoots, she direct vertical support.
You can choose in the flower shop a suitable size and diameter option that will support your pet.
Methods of reproduction of cordilina
Flower can be propagated vegetative or seed way.
One of the common methods of vegetative propagation:
- A lignified shoot is separated from the stem and divided into cuttings in such a way that each stem has 2-3 internodes.
- One end of the handle is treated with a stimulant for better root formation and buried in a prepared substrate of 2 cm.
- A pot with a handle is necessarily covered with a film and regularly watered.
- Such a greenhouse is placed in a warm (not lower than +25 ° C) place with bright diffused light. It is recommended to ventilate the stalk daily by opening the film.
After about 30–40 days, the stalk will take root.
Rooting of offspring
For this method, the plant is removed from the pot and the root is washed. A part of the root is separated with a sharp sharp knife, the cut points must be sprinkled with crushed activated carbon.
Then they plant it in a selected substrate, the improvised greenhouse is covered with a film. The seedling will take root in a month.
Air layers (roots)
This option of reproduction will allow the formation of roots without cutting off part of the trunk and without interfering with the root system. It is considered difficult, but the most secure.
For the formation of aerial roots you need sphagnum moss:
- A small area of the bark is cleaned from a lignified trunk - about 2 cm.
- The cleaned place is treated with a root stimulant and wrapped in moist sphagnum, covered with cellophane and fixed.
- Moss is regularly moistened.
After about a month, when the roots are formed, you can cut and transplant the apex.
The time consuming method will require patience. It is important to use fresh seeds, as they quickly lose their ability to germinate.
Seeds are pre-soaked, preferably with the use of stimulants such as "Zircon", sown in a substrate from a mixture of earth and sand. The container must be covered with a film to form a greenhouse. Watered as the top layer of the earth dries.
Attention! Seeds rarely germinate evenly.
Diseases and pests
Although cordilin is unpretentious, due to improper care, various diseases can affect it.
- With rotting trunk and leaf damage most often the problem is excessive watering and rotting of the root. In this case, the cut top of the plant is rooted.
- If a leaf color turns pale - the plant does not have enough sunlight.
- The appearance of extensive bright spots may indicate an excess of sunlight - the plant should be pritenit.
- Leaves turn yellow whole or dry tips? The pet feels uncomfortable in a dry atmosphere.
- Very slow growth indicates a depletion of the soil. There are two ways out - a freelance transplant with a complete replacement of the substrate or the introduction of complex top dressing.
The main parasites:
- spider mite;
- scale shield;
It is difficult to deal with pests, it is better to prevent their occurrence: observe air humidity and temperature conditions.
When parasites appear, it is recommended wash the cordilina foliage with soap and water, treat the bush with an insecticide and remove the topsoil.
Beautiful foliage, unpretentiousness in leaving, a variety of species - all this makes cordilina a favorite of flower growers. It will become a decoration of any room, whether it is a living room in the house or a reception in the office.