Anthurium Scherzer: 6 types of exotic flower with photo
Anthurium belongs to the large Aroid family and has more than 600 varieties of plants, among which there are evergreen grassy bushes and vines.
Not all types of flower are suitable for indoor floriculture, but due to their attractive appearance and unpretentiousness to conditions Anthurium firmly entered the galaxy of popular indoor plants.
Scherzer's Anthurium, or Schercerium, has chosen the tropical climate of Costa Rica. More than 40 varieties of this flower are known. It is a stunted, in comparison with other varieties, evergreen bush (about 30 cm in height) with lanceolate dark green leaves.
Particular attention is drawn to the inflorescence of the anthurium, curved or spiral-shaped, bright orange. It is shaded by the bright red veil of the petal.
Interesting that for a flower of anthurium, it is usually taken exactly a sheet blanketcharacterized by color from other leaves. In fact, the inflorescence of the plant is an ear of corn.
Interesting! Scherzer's anthurium is often confused with Andre's anthurium, but they have a significant difference in the shape of the inflorescence: in Andre the ear is straight.
The best varieties
In the photo on the Internet and encyclopedias on floriculture, you can see the results of the work of breeders.
Thanks to their tireless work to improve and develop the species, new incredible varieties have appeared, and any grower can find for himself a unique plant, not very similar to the parent flower.
So, very popular for indoor breeding - varieties Amaretti, Smaragd, Hannah, Mix other.
The petal cover of this flower is of moderate thickness, oval or slightly elongated, whitish color.
Bright red small dots are located in large numbers on the cover both on the outside and on the inside, thanks to which the plant got its name.
It has a truly tropical color: on its coverlet there can be 2-3 shades of color in combination with specks, which gives the plant an unusual variegation.
This variety of flower is cultivated not only for growing in pots, but also for the formation of shear compositions, since it does not fade for a long time. His bedspread has a beautiful bright pink color.
A beautiful flower with spectacular contrasting coloring of leaf plates and bedspreads. The leaves have a glossy green color, and the cover is a shade of chocolate.
Unusual bright and rare flower in our country. Its distinguishing feature is a petal veil of bright sky blue color.
A very interesting variety of Scherzer anthurium is characterized by uneven coloring of the petal bedspread. At the base of the plate, it is dark green, and towards the tip changes to a pale pink color.
Scherzer Anthurium Home Care
It is not too difficult to grow anthurium at home, it is important to remember the tropical origin of the plant and not to forget to regularly water it, and if necessary, spray it.
Anthurium tolerates heat well, but still in the summer, when the plant is actively developing, the thermometer should not rise above 25 ° C, 28 ° C is considered a permissible maximum.
In winter, the temperature should be moderate, about 16 ° C - the flower requires a pronounced period of rest.
Important! Avoid hypothermia of the flower. At 10 ° C, Scherzer's anthurium survives, but a long period of such a “winter” will lead to the death of the plant.
Anthurium is shade-loving, he feels great on the eastern and northwestern window sills. If you have a flower pot in a sunny room, then it is better to choose a floor stand away from direct sunlight.
Ultraviolet light, especially in summer, can cause burns, which leaves the leaves curl up and turn yellow. Extensive burns will lead to weakening of the plant and even to its death.
Anthurium is a tropical plant, which means that it prefers high humidity. In an apartment with central heating, where the air is dry, there are several ways to solve the problem:
- Install a humidifier.
- Place the pot with anthurium on a pebble pan where water is poured.
- Spray the air around the flower.
Important! Try not to spray water on the leaves themselves: this can cause whitish spots.
In summer, anthurium requires frequent and plentiful watering, but at the same time do not allow stagnation of moisture in the pot.
If the flowerpot is not equipped with a drainage hole for the release of excess fluid, then when transplanting, you need to pour a layer of expanded clay or pebbles. In winter, watered less often. Watering frequency indicator - drying of the topsoil.
When choosing a soil, it is important to remember that Anthurium requires free air access to the root systemTherefore, it is better to choose loose special soils for tropical plants.
You can independently prepare a soil mixture from sheet earth, peat, sand and vermiculite. The recommended proportion of components is 2: 2: 1: 1.
Landing and transplanting
Young plants under the age of 3 years are transplanted every year with the onset of spring. Adult plants do not require such a frequent transplant, the procedure can be performed once every 4 yearsas the pot becomes small.
- Pick up a larger container, but narrow enough to stimulate the early release of peduncles. If the flowerpot is wide, the anthurium will not bloom until the root system fills the provided volume.
- Be sure to pour a drainage layer to the bottom - the roots of the plant do not tolerate direct contact with stagnant water.
- The drainage layer is covered with a small layer of soil, the flower is transplanted into a new pot by transshipment.
- The free space is covered with loose soil and slightly tamped.
When the anthurium blooms, it spends a lot of energy on the formation and release of the peduncle. During this period, it is important to support the plant by organizing additional nutrition with the help of liquid potassium-phosphorus complexes.
It is allowed to feed up to 2 times a monthbut in winter there is no need for fertilizer, therefore it is better to refuse them.
Diseases and Pests
The most common diseases of tropical plants are various types of rot; Scherzer's anthurium is no exception. Excessive watering and stagnation of moisture lead to damage to the root system.
The first sign of the development of the disease is yellowed leaves. It will be possible to save the flower if the damaged parts are removed in a timely manner and the healthy part is transplanted into a fresh substrate.
Anthurium can also affect pests:
- spider mite;
- scale shield;
For prevention, it is recommended to treat the plant with insecticidal preparations.
Most often, indoor plants are propagated vegetatively - it is simple and convenient. But you can grow a new bush using seeds.
The simplest and most commonly practiced breeding method is transplantation of an adult bush.
A mother plant is divided into two parts or more. The main condition for separation will be the developed root at the shoot. Each dividend must be planted in a separate pot. Separation sites must be treated with crushed activated carbon.
A popular way to breed anthurium. For successful implementation, a healthy shoot is cut off from the mother plant, always at a slight angle.
The slice is treated with a growth stimulator (you can dip the shoot slice in honey) and placed in a mini-greenhouse with vermiculite. The sprout needs high humidity and a temperature of about +26 ° C.
When the sprout forms roots about 4 cm long, it can be transplanted into an individual pot.
This method of reproduction is used when transplanting the mother plant into a new container. Sterile blade separate the side shoots and place in a small greenhouse.
Anthurium is poorly rooted in leaf plates.
Often propagation by leaf means cuttings, just a cut is made closer to the leaf plate, and the stalk comes out short. Further care is the same as when grafting.
This method is most often used by breeders to develop a new variety. is he laborious and not always productive, requires a certain skill and patience.
First of all, flowers are artificially pollinated. After about 9 months, you can collect the seeds and process them, preparing for sowing:
- Seeds are laid out on the prepared substrate, they do not need to be buried. The container is covered with a film.
- A greenhouse with crops is placed in a warm, well-lit place.
- The substrate is regularly watered with warm water at room temperature.
- When shoots appear, the film can be removed. As seedlings develop, the sprouts dive.
Anthurium Scherzer is a very effective plant that does not burden the owner with complex care. It is undemanding, beautiful and will please you with regular flowering for a long time.