Podocarpus bonsai: a graceful tree in your home garden
“The Buddhist Pine,” or podocarpus, is a beautiful coniferous tree that grows in the southern hemisphere of the Earth. Inhabitant of tropical and subtropical forests, in urban conditions it is used to decorate parks, suburban areas and streets.
The hero of our review is the podocarpus bonsai: many flower growers consider it a gem of a home garden.
Bonsai podocarpus: photos
The scientific name of the plant is Large-leaved Nepodillus, a member of the Podocarpaceae family. The unusual shape of the needles of the tree is clearly visible in the photo - elongated and flat, not sharp at all, forms a lush and dense crown.
Its use for growing bonsai is associated not only with amazing needles, but also with a plastic stalk, which can be given the most bizarre shape.
For many years of selection specialists brought undersized varieties of podocarpusIdeal for decorating verandas, halls, conservatories and creating bonsai.
If you set out to grow a bonsai podocarpus yourself, we advise you to pay attention to such varieties:
Stomper Maki. Growing in the southern regions of Japan, it is often used in bonsai art. Its branches tend up, the leaves are arranged alternately.
The grayish-green color of the foliage combined with the white color of the bark gives the plant a noble appearance.
Podocarpus naga. It is appreciated by flower growers for decorativeness. Sprigs of the plant are decorated with elliptical leaves. They are located opposite, their tips are pointed.
The toe of Totar. This species has bronze green spiny foliage. At a young age, the bark of the plant has a red-brown hue, and with age acquires a gray-brown fibrillation.
All these species are successfully grown at home.
This video talks about how to choose a plant and what to do with it after acquisition:
Podocarpus care at home
Care at home for the podocarpus is careful observance of three parameters: light, moisture and soil composition. It is to these indicators that the plant makes special demands.
Despite its tropical origin, the podocarpus prefers moderation - 17 ... 22 ° C. In winter, when the plant is resting, the rate is reduced to 10 ... 13 ° C. With this temperature regime, a miniature tree develops correctly and does not get sick.
The light should be bright and plentiful, but without direct exposure to the leaves of the plant in sunlight. In his house better put on the south and east windows.
In summer, when there is an increased risk of burning the crown of the podocarpus with hot sunlight, it is worth taking care of a little shading during peak hours.
Important! With a lack of lighting, the lower leaves of the podocarpus turn yellow.
Ground for bonsai must be well-drained. The ideal composition looks like this: 1 part of sand and sheet soil and 2 parts of clay-turf soil. Acidity is preferably neutral.
When choosing a pot for podocarpus bonsai, stop at a ceramic container of rectangular shape and medium depth.
Supplementary nutrition in the form of complex mineral fertilizers plant needs from the beginning of spring to the end of September. They are introduced at a frequency of 1 time in 3 weeks.
Attention! From October to March, top dressing is not carried out, providing the plant with a comfortable rest.
In watering the podocarpus, the main thing is that the soil does not dry out. For its proper organization, experienced flower growers cover the topsoil with moss.
By the degree of humidity of the sphagnum, you can accurately determine when the tree needs watering: if the moss is dry, water is required, if only the upper part is dried, water the bonsine the next day.
The need for moisture is small for the foot grows quietly in the dry atmosphere of the house. In the summer, when the temperature rises and the moisture evaporates quickly, the plant has a shower in the form of spraying.
At the same time can put a bonsai in a pan with stones and water.
Bonsai is good for its miniature. Exotic little tree in the home garden pleases the eye and decorates the interior.
Besides, the podocarpus feels great in small containers, without the need for frequent transplants. It is enough to transfer the plant to a new pot once every 3 years or pour a fresh layer of soil on top.
Attention! When transplanting, use only the transfer method. The roots of the podocarpus contain useful mycorrhiza fungi for it, without which it develops poorly.
In nature, the trees of the podocarpus produce oval fruits with a dark purple color. At home, he does not bloom.
In breeding 2 methods are applied: by cuttings and seeds. However, only the first one is suitable for home plants.
The fact is that growing from seeds takes a lot of time. How long does the podocarpus marigold rise? The answer is not encouraging: you will get an adult plant only after a few years.
Cuttings taken from the "donor" tree, cutting branches from it 8-10 cm long. They are placed in a moist substrate of sand and peat, removing the lower leaves.
It will be useful to add a liquid growth stimulator to the soil. The planted cuttings are covered with a film. It takes about 2 months to fully root them.
Pests and diseases
Podocarpus health problems most often arise due to improper maintenance. Drafts, dry soil, temperature changes lead to plant diseases:
- Spider mite settles on a bonsai if there is little moisture and bad watering. The treatment of the tree with a broad-acting insecticide will help to remove the pest.
- The tips of the leaves dry out against the background of high temperature, especially in the summer months, and due to lack of moisture. If the plant is too hot, it drops the foliage.
If you want a piece of Japanese gardening art to appear in your home flower garden, carefully consider the rules for its maintenance.