Calathea Medallion: for beginners and experienced gardeners
A beautiful woman with an original pattern and color of leaves - a kalatea medallion - has long attracted home growers and occupies an honorable place in the interior.
Among flower growers, the opinion that how good this tropical guest is is so fastidious in content.
The plant is part of the Marantov family, is a stemless shrub. The predominant range is the northwestern regions of Brazil. Calathea feels great in the moist, dense forests of Colombia, Peru and Ecuador. Under the canopy of huge trees, it receives the necessary amount of light and perfectly develops in naturally loose soil.
Cultivation of the plant began in the last years of the XIX century. Collectors were attracted to exquisitely decorated with patterns and flowers calathea leaves. In tropical conditions, it can grow up to 80 cm, with a room content its height does not exceed 30 cm.
Willingly blooming in nature, at home, calathea does this very rarely. Small flowers are collected in an ear, can be painted in white, yellow, purple, cream and orange tones.
There is an official and popular name for calathea: roseopect and medallion. The first is due to the color of the leaves, in which there are many pink and red shades. The second reflects the rounded shape of the leaves and the pattern on them.
Looking at the numerous photos of the calathea medallion, it is not difficult to understand why they give her high marks for decorativeness. The external advantages of the plant include:
- A variety of color shades in the color of the leaves, which range from saturated greens to deep brown tones.
- Patterns of white and pink-red veins adorning the top of oval leaves.
- Violet color of the lower surface of leaf plates.
- Lush sockets in compact sizes.
How to care?
For beginners, care at home for calathea medallion may seem time consuming, because the plant has special requirements for humidity and lighting. However with due patience and diligence, the flower eagerly responds to care and pleases its owners with a beautiful appearance.
Where is better to place?
When determining a flower for permanent residence, choose a shaded arrangement for it. Window sills of northern windows are ideal for him. As an artificial partial shade, use a curtain.
It is undesirable to expose the calathea to the balcony. Accustomed to life in the lower tiers of rainforests, it does not need a lot of fresh air. In addition, where the flower will be placed, increased humidity is required.
Attention! If there is a possibility and allows space, place the calathe locket on decorative flower stands.
The plant is naturally lush, but compact in shape. In room conditions, calathea does not grow much. In pruning, designed to form a crown, it does not need. During transplantation, only shrunken and old, discolored leaves are trimmed.
Whatever window you place your kalatea on, the light should be soft and diffused. Be sure to cover the flower from burning sun in the summer, but in winter, provide it with additional lighting with a phytolamp.
Bearing in mind that the rose calico kaleatea comes from the tropics of South America, we can talk about high temperatures in its content. The optimum value for summer is 24 ... 25 ° C. In winter, 18 ... 20 ° C is enough.
The plant does not like drafts and sudden changes in temperature. Do not take it to the balcony or to the garden, and in winter, make sure that it does not blow from the windows.
In watering, the main thing is to observe moderation. Neither excess nor lack of moisture is suitable for this tropical fussy. In the summer they watered when the soil slightly dried out. For winter, enough once a week. Like kalatee and irrigation in the summer days. Note that water for both irrigation and spraying must be warm and settled.
Important! Watering with cold water causes the roots to rot.
Planting and transplanting plants
The best soil composition for calathea medallion is 2 parts of peat and leaf soil plus 1 part of sand. To loosen the soil, it is necessary to dilute it with pieces of charcoal, pine bark or moss.
Often a flower transplant is not required. Up to 3 years, a transplant is done every year, then reduced to 1 time in 2-3 years.
A layer of drainage is poured into a new pot. A plant is transshipped from an old pot, leaving an earthen lump on the roots. Fill up a new substrate. Transplant time - end of April - May.
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The correct mixture for feeding calatheas can be found in the store. A special need for nutrients arises in plants during the growing season. For rose optics, such liquid mixtures are suitable: Agricolo Aqua, Pokon, Bona Forte.
Follow the instructions that came with the fertilizer. Excess or lack of nutrition is equally undesirable. The plant reacts poorly to such manipulations and can become ill. In autumn and winter, the flower feels great even without additives.
Reproduction of calathea: methods
To multiply the calathea medallion, four methods are used at once:
- Division of the bush. This option is affordable even for beginners in floriculture. Small processes are selected from the adult bush and planted in new containers.
- By sheet. Also not a very difficult way: just cut the leaf and plant it for rooting.
- Cuttings. Part of the plant is cut and planted in the ground for rooting.
- The seeds. Available only to experienced lovers, since it is difficult to get seeds, and the process of growing them is long and time-consuming.
Consider in detail all the ways.
Calathea propagation by dividing the bush
Separate parts of the plant during transplantation. First, inspect the entire root system, then carefully divide it into separate shoots that already have leaflets.
For the first planting, a lightweight substrate is prepared from equal proportions of sand and peat. Planted processes are covered with a film or a jar to get the effect of a greenhouse. As soon as new leaves appear on the shoot, you can remove the coating.
Leaf and cuttings
Reproduction by cuttings (10-15 cm) and leaves is carried out according to one principle. The taken parts are buried in the sand and peat soil, as in the division of the bush. Cover with a transparent film or a glass jar. Periodically watered and ventilated. When the planted material is rooted, the coating is removed.
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If you have calathea seeds, you can try to get new plants out of them. Prepare a small container of a rectangular shape, fill it with soil. Lay the seeds on the surface. Put the glass on top. Ventilate and moisten the seed occasionally.
As soon as you see that the seeds have begun to germinate, deepen them into the soil by 1 cm. Wait for the strong seedlings, which can be converted into separate pots.
Attention! When grown from seeds, you may encounter poor germination or weak shoots that die quickly.
Calathea, having difficulty getting used to room conditions, is often sick. Poor care affects the condition of its pampered leaves.
Brown spots on the leaves
Doubtful decoration in the form of brown spots leaves acquire for two reasons: sunburn and excess moisture. Correcting the situation will help rearrange the flower in a shaded place and restore moderate watering.
In addition, a burn is possible due to the refraction of the rays in the drops of water remaining on the leaves after watering. If you notice droplets, wipe them off with a napkin.
The leaves dry and curl
Calathea leaves are the best indicator of its condition. If they curl, then the roots of the flower lack moisture. Increase the amount of watering, and the leaves will open.
Leaves dry, curl due to improper arrangement of the pot. Calathea does not like the neighborhood of household appliances. She feels bad next to a microwave, computer, TV. The electromagnetic waves emitted by these devices have a negative effect on the foliage of the flower. Find another place for your pet, and everything will be in order.
Leaves turn yellow
Despite careful care, the owners suddenly notice that the leaves of the plant turned yellow. This reaction manifests itself when the dosage of fertilizers is not respected. Excess nutrients do not have time to digest, the leaves begin to turn yellow.
The problem may be associated with low temperature. If it is below 16 ° C, the plant signals discomfort with yellowing of the foliage.