Dreamiopsis Pick and Spotted: Photos and Care Features
If there was a competition for the ideal plant for growing at home, dreamiopsis would have every chance of winning.
Compact sizes with rich green foliage, almost year-round flowering, unpretentiousness to the conditions of detention and resistance to diseases make the plant a favorite of flower growers. Other names for dreamiopsis are ledeburia or scylla.
According to the botanical classification, Drimiopsis belongs to the Asparagus family, the Hyacinth subfamily. The natural range is located in the south and east of the African continent.
Dreamiopsis begins its growth from an elongated bulb covered with brown scales. A sheet plate of elongated oval or heart-shaped with a sharp tip.
Its consistency is dense, with a glossy sheen on the surface. The length of the leaves varies from 10 to 25 cm, depending on age and species. They grow directly from the bulb on thin stalks (up to 15 cm in length).
In bright light, the color of the leaves becomes colorful: dark specks appear on a green background, and the edges of the plate in the sun shine with a grayish-white hue.
Under natural conditions, dreamiopsis is prone to creeping growth, covering the soil with carpet, and in the pot forms several rosettes in the form of a compact bush.
It blooms with an inflorescence-spike of an olive-green or creamy white hue. It contains individual small flowers 5 mm long. They are opened in turn, which provides a long decorative appeal of the inflorescence (up to 2 months). From the blossoming dreamiopsis comes a light aroma similar to lily of the valley.
In floriculture, several types of dreamiopsis are popular.
Spotted Dreamiopsis is a flower with variegated ovate leaves. Their length is about 15 cm, the width is half that. The color of the ledeburia is lime with dark green or purple shapeless spots.
The flowering period lasts from spring to early summer. Inflorescences are painted in a yellow-beige hue. In winter, it loses a significant part of the foliage.
Dreamiopsis Kirk has narrow leaves 30 cm long. Their color is also not monophonic: dark spots on a bright light green background. The lower surface is with a gray tint and eye-catching veins.
On high peduncles (up to 30 cm), white-pink inflorescences bloom throughout the spring and summer. In winter, the leaves do not fall.
Dreamiopsis Striped Variegate
Unusual plant, reminiscent of Kirim's Drimiopsis, but with longitudinal stripes and specks.
The plant is with broad leaves and purple leaf bases.
Drimiopsis blooms from spring to autumn. Several peduncles with a length of about 30 cm appear on one plant at once. Inflorescences in the form of an ear with small buds bloom on their top.
Corollas open at different times, so nondescriptness is compensated by long flowering and delicate aroma.
To the content in the home microclimate, ledeburia is well adapted.
Room temperature 22 ... 25 ° C is quite comfortable for dreamiopsis. In summer, you can not specifically lower the thermometer, but in extreme heat it is better to clean it under the trees in the garden or to the balcony.
In the winter season, the thermometer scale should not fall below 8 ° C. The optimal will be the artificial creation of rest conditions with a temperature of 12 ... 15 ° C.
Lighting and comfortable place
Only with a sufficient amount of light, Dreamiopsis is mottled. The best place for him will be the windowsill on the south or neighboring side of the house. In summer, it is recommended to take the plant to the balcony.
Direct sunlight will not harm the foliage. But in the hot heat it is recommended to cover the window with a curtain or set aside the pot. In the room you need to maintain fresh air, but not to allow drafts.
Important! To prevent leaf growth in one direction (to the light source), the pot needs to be turned a third weekly.
With prolonged partial shade content, the following changes will be observed:
- slow growth;
- complete absence of decorative spots;
- tendency to diseases and pests.
If the plant does not create favorable conditions for the rest period, then in the spring flowers are unlikely to appear.
Around October, you need to gradually lower the air temperature to 15 ° C. It is better to leave the lighting natural, but artificial phytolamps are also acceptable.
Watering is reduced to a minimum: 1 time in 2 weeks. Feeding for the period until February is completely stopped.
Important! Drimiopsis speckled or spotted in response to such content will begin to discard foliage. This is normal and does not require intervention. In spring, the plant will again acquire a lush crown.
Dreamiopsis needs to be fertilized twice a month from spring to October. Liquid top dressing is best suited for bulb crops, succulents or cacti.
What kind of pot is needed
A wide pot of small height is suitable for ledeburia.
The material of the container is preferable natural: ceramic or clay. Through their pores, additional air enters the roots and excess moisture evaporates, preventing rotting of the bulb. Plastic pots, on the contrary, create a greenhouse effect.
At the bottom there must be large drainage holes for air exchange and drainage of excess water.
How to make soil
Dreamiopsis prefers a highly nutritious and loose substrate. You can prepare it in several ways:
- Mix turf, leafy soil, humus and sand in equal volumes.
- Universal substrate with sand in a ratio of 2: 1.
- Mix the soil for bulb plants, peat and sand in a ratio of 3: 2: 1.
Advice! To prevent bacterial damage to the roots, it is recommended to add a handful of birch charcoal (pieces) to any mixture.
Young bulbs are transplanted every year into a pot 2 cm larger than the previous one. A five-year dreamiopsis needs a procedure as the bulbs grow.
The process itself is simple:
- The bottom of the pot is covered with a drainage substrate (expanded clay, small pebbles or broken brick).
- Pour on top and lightly crush new soil.
- The total thickness of the two layers should be approximately half the height of the pot.
- The plant is removed from the old tank, inspected for the presence of rot. Dry flakes and spoiled roots are removed, and sections are sprinkled with charcoal powder.
- If necessary, separate daughter bulbs from the parent plant.
- Make a recess in the soil, install a plant in it. Add soil so that the upper half of the bulb remains outside.
- Pour the transplanted flower and put it in its usual place. In the future, lead care in the usual mode.
More about plant transplantation:
For breeding, ledeburia use 3 methods: planting bulbs, children, rooting cuttings or sowing seeds.
The separation of the lateral bulbs (children) is carried out with a spring transplant. You need to try to do less damage to the mother flower, and sprinkle all sections with charcoal.
Bulbs root in 2–4 weeks in a tank with a mixture of sand and peat (1: 2).
The soil is maintained in a moderately wet state (watered three times a week), but is not covered with a film. Keep seedlings in the light at 25 ° C.
Bulb Drimiopsis propagation:
Drimiopsis Kirk propagated by cuttings. For this purpose, the leaf with the petiole is pulled out of the bulb so that a white area remains at the end.
It is placed in a glass with clean water, which changes 1 time in 2 days, in a bright place at 22 ... 25 ° С. Roots will appear within a month, they need to be allowed to grow another 1.5–2 weeks. After this time, the sprout is planted in a pot with soil.
Seeds for home breeding are used infrequently. In flowers, planting material rarely capable of further germination rarely ripens.
You can plant the seed immediately after collection in wet peat and cover with a film. Expect seedlings will take up to a month, after which the attempt can be considered a failure.
If the plant is not exposed to prolonged stress from gross violations of the rules of care, then problems with pests and diseases do not arise.
Spider mite. It manifests itself as a thin web on the lower surface and at the mouths of leaves. The fight is carried out by spraying a solution of a mixture of soap and alcohol. After half an hour, all the leaves are washed in the shower.
The procedure is repeated after 7-10 days. If the method is ineffective, treat with Fitoverm or Aktara.
Mealybug.Gray wet spots on leaves and bulbs, white plaque on the soil. The plant is treated with an alcohol solution (any alcohol-based tincture from a pharmacy).
An alternative and more effective method is spraying and watering the Aktara flower once every 2 weeks for 2 months.
Aphid. Accumulations of dark insects and sticky plaque on leaves. They can be overcome by mechanical removal from the plant surface with cotton wool moistened with alcohol. For a guaranteed result, spray the flower with an insecticidal solution.
Leaves fall in spring or summer talks about the need for transplantation or lack of nutrients.
Solid color and stretching petioles indicate a lack of lighting.
Black color of petioles and leaves Appears when the roots rot after excessive watering.
Light spots on the leaves, followed by drying these sites appear due to sunburn.
Signs and superstitions
The signs and superstitions associated with this flower are contradictory. According to some beliefs, the disappearance of spots on the leaves occurs when the evil eye of the household.
Others believe that the plant helps to improve relations between loved ones, calm and resolve any conflicts in the family. Useful properties are most pronounced if the owner is born under the zodiac sign of Pisces.
Dreamiopsis: can I keep it at home? Signs mostly positively answer this question, especially since the content of the flower will not cause much trouble.