Calathea Crocata: a prayer flower and the secrets of its cultivation
The tropical guest of our window sills, Calathea Crocata is loved by flower growers for their bright flowering in winter. Imagine that on a cold winter evening an orange sun flashes on your window, and you will understand why this plant is so popular.
We will talk about how to properly grow Crocat kalate to see its beautiful flowers.
Description of Calathea Croata
Among their girlfriends in the Marantov family, saffron calathea does not shine with a beautiful pattern of a leaf plate. Its leaves are dark green with whitish symmetrical stripes.
Its main decorative advantage is the yellow-orange corollas, beautifully firing from the mass of leaves with high panicles.
The leaves of the plant are large, up to 30 cm in length. The inside of the plate is painted in purple tones. A developed root system forms a broad basal rosette, from which shortened stems emerge.
Despite the impressive size of the leaves, the plant looks compact and elegant.
It is interesting! In addition to the official name, the kalatei also has a popular nickname - the “prayer flower”. It arose because the plant turns its leaves according to the movement of the sun.
Conditions for successful growing at home
Experienced florists attribute Krokat calathea to unpretentious plants, but beginners should carefully study the conditions for the successful cultivation of this amazing flower.
To develop a flower requires a long time in the light (8-10 hours). When placing, it is worth choosing windows located on the east or west side of the house.
Direct sunlight is undesirable, so you need to slightly shade your pet.
Saffron Kalathea loves to soak in the fresh air, but it is negative for drafts. She does not need airing either.
The plant calmly tolerates the summer temperatures of the middle band. In extreme heat, it is advisable to shade the flower and spray more often. In winter, the temperature should not be lower than 19 ° C. The most comfortable temperature for calathea in summer is +27, in winter - +18 ° C. Sudden swings are unacceptable.
The plant gratefully accepts frequent and plentiful watering. In the summer - 1 time in 2-3 days, in the winter 1 time per week is enough. It will be correct to carry out radical watering when a container with a flower is placed in a tray with water.For Krolat Krolat, humidity is also important, which should be equal to 60%. This means that in winter you will have to maintain the humidity indicator with the help of frequent spraying or special devices.
Important! To irrigate the calatheas of Krokat, they take warm, settled water.
What to feed?
The main time for feeding the flower is May – September. To feed use complex types of fertilizers. Experts advise taking ready-made mixes for flowering plants in the store.
Feeding is introduced in liquid form, adding to water for irrigation. The frequency of procedures is 2 times a month. In this case, the amount of fertilizer with each top dressing is reduced. In winter, the flower does not need additional nutrition.
How to make a calatea bloom?
There are no special secrets for caring for the plant, however, following the general rules will help to get a magnificent and constantly blooming calathea.
Since the beginning of flowering occurs in the middle of winter, many lovers are faced with the fact that kalatea refuses to give buds. Practice shows that you can make the capricious bloom in this way: starting from mid-autumn, close it with a dark bag from 18 pm until the morning.
Fertilizing with potash fertilizers will also help push the plant to flowering. The annual transplant of a pet and competent care at home for her also contribute to successful flowering.
Attention! All the measures described are effective only if the plant is absolutely healthy.
The natural form of Calathea Crocata is so perfect and decorative that it does not require any form of pruning.
Benefit and harm
Juicy and fleshy leaves of calathea successfully perform the task of purifying the air in the house, working as a natural filter. When caring for a flower, you have to keep the air humidity at the proper level, which also benefits human health.
The plant is not toxic and does not pose any danger to households. Its only drawback is the specific aroma of flowers, which not everyone likes.
Diseases and Pests
Most flower health problems are caused by dry air:
- The spider mite and scutellum quickly populate the plant if humidity is low. Their habitat is the underside of leaves and petioles. Visible pest larvae are removed from the calathea with a damp cloth, then the leaves and petioles are washed with a soap solution. During processing, it is necessary to close the soil so that soapy water does not get into it.
- Due to the dry air, the calathea drops its leaves. Helping the plant is expressed by adding water to the pan and daily spraying.
- Responding to the cold, the stems of the flower rot, and the leaves become gray-yellow in color. To solve the problem, you need to remove the calathea in a warm place and provide it with sufficient watering so that the soil does not dry out.
Reproduction of Calathea Croata
If your pet successfully grows, blooms and develops, then it's time to breed it. New plants can be obtained in several ways: division, cuttings and sowing seeds.
When using finished soil for planting, add charcoal and coconut fiber to it. The first component will prevent decay of the plant roots, the second will improve their oxygen supply.
Dividing the bush
The easiest and most convenient way even for beginner gardeners to propagate plants. It is best to resort to it when the time has come to transplant a flower. An adult plant selected from the pot is inspected, disassembled into parts, separating the roots with cuttings and leaves.
The obtained processes are planted in previously prepared containers with soil, watered and covered with a film. For reliable rooting of beginners, it is necessary to maintain a temperature in the region of 23 ... 24 ° C.
Leaf or cuttings
With this method of propagation, leaves with a growth point and cuttings (or shoots with leaves) 15 cm long are used. The taken material is planted in the soil, watered and covered with a glass jar. Opening and watering periodically await their rooting.
It’s rather difficult to get the seeds of Krokat’s calathea, it’s equally difficult to get them when grown on your own. If you have got enough seed, then be patient too. It takes 1 month to germinate the seeds, and it’s not at all a fact that they will all sprout. Experts note that this plant has poor germination.
The process itself looks like this: the grain is deepened by 5 mm into the soil, lightly watered, covered with a film and kept at a temperature of 23 ... 25 ° С. Periodically moistening the soil, waiting for the appearance of sprouts.
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