Amaryllis belladonna: the tropics at your home
Amaryllis belladonna is one of the most beautiful plants of the bulbous type. The second name of the flower is licorice scaly. Belongs to the Amaryllis family. Perfect for indoor floriculture, as well as for growing on the ground.
The native land of the plant is the African jungle. Many will find it impossible to grow a tropical flower on their plot, but the plant also adapts to the climate of our country.
After the end of winter, leaves appear at the amaryllis landing site. They withstand low temperatures and even freezing, so the plant also survives in regions with sharply continental climates. With the onset of summer, the leaves fall off, and at the beginning of autumn, arrows of flowers with inflorescences grow.
There are no leaves on the belladonna's stalk, the leaves themselves are higher, they are green. The length of the leaves is from 30 to 50 cm, the width is 2-3 cm. Leaves grow in the spring, in the winter months they fall.
At the end of August, Amaryllis bulbs give one or two stalks. The size of young peduncles is from 30 to 60 cm in length. The peduncle inflorescence has from 2 to 12 corollas with 6 petals each. Flowers come in red, white, purple and pink. measuring 6 to 10 cm in diameter, produce a delicate aroma. Amaryllis bloom can be seen in the photo.
Characteristics of varieties of amaryllis
Thanks to the work of breeders, the color scheme of Belladonna's corollas is striking in variety. Hybrids vary in size and color of the flower. Plant lovers create at home entire collections of amaryllis.
The flowers are pink, the middle of the petals is yellow. The size of the corollas is 6–8 cm in diameter.
The Snow Queen
The color of the flowers is white, according to the piping of the petals a creamy shade. The size of the flowers is 10 cm in diameter.
The color of the flowers is red, in the middle of the petals there is a white speck. Size 10 cm in diameter.
The color of the flowers is red. The size of the flowers is 10 cm in diameter, similar to the Durban variety.
The color of the flowers is pink, a distinctive feature is narrow petals. The center of the petals is a yellow-green hue. Size 6–8 cm in diameter.
The color of the flowers is red with white stripes along the petals. The size of the corollas is 6–8 cm in diameter.
Blossoming is white-pink. On the petals pearl spraying. The size of the flowers is 7–8 cm in diameter.
The flowers are dark pink in color, the center of the petals is yellow. The size of the corollas is 6–8 cm in diameter.
The color is white with bright pink touches. Diameter of flowers is 10 cm.
Caring for Amaryllis Belladonna
The plant is unpretentious, adapted for growing on the windowsills of city apartments. In the apartment, the flowering period of Belladonna is from 14 to 30 days. After new leaves begin to grow. Quality bulbs form two arrows with future colors, and if the shooter is more than two, then the rest are removed, because the bulb can be depleted from such a load.
The number of buds depends on the size of the planted bulb - if the bulb is large, then more buds are formed.
Wilted flowers are cut to stimulate re-flowering. After that, when the trunk of the plant sinks to the ground, it is cut off above the top of the bulb.
Proper planting and care of the plant will allow you to grow a beautiful flower that will delight the eyes of its owners.
The period when the amaryllis belladonna does not bloom is called the resting period. The period is determined by the leaves - they turn yellow and begin to fall. In May, the plant discards all leaves, in the summer, from 8 to 10 weeks, Belladonna rests. In August, a young arrow is formed - the future flower.
Important! During dormancy, amaryllis is transferred to a dark place, watered less often and not fed.
The amaryllis bulb gains strength over 60–90 days. If the rules for caring for the plant have not been observed, the bulb may begin to give arrows earlier than this period, which will affect the quality of flowering.
During the rest, the bulb is not removed from the pot, but simply transferred to a cool, dry room where there is no light, and create conditions for ventilation. Some gardeners dig a bulb, put it in a box of natural materials - wood or cardboard, where sawdust or peat is poured. The bulb should be clean and dry.
So that next time the flowering of amaryllis is plentiful, after the buds wither, the leaves are removed only with dried! During this time, the bulb manages to fill up with useful substances.
During the rest period, the soil is moistened by plants 1-2 times a week. To wake the sleeping bulb of Belladonna, it is transplanted into new soil, transferred to a place with good lighting and increased watering.
A place for amaryllis belladonna is selected taking into account the need for sunlight. The plant loves the sun, so they create uniform illumination for it.. Periodically, the tub with the plant is rotated so that the new part of the plant is facing the sun. From such manipulation, the leaves of Belladonna are formed evenly.
To maintain active growth, amaryllis belladonna is fertilized 2 times a month from March to May. Feeding for bulbs or other flowering plants that contain a complex of phosphorus-potassium minerals is suitable.
Fertilizers of organic origin (manure, humus) are not suitable for this plant. The bulb of a plant may die due to the nitrogen they contain. The soil in which Belladonna grows is covered with pigeon droppings, straw, mowed lawns, eggshells, etc. With the onset of cold weather, the coating is removed.
Important! During dormancy, amaryllis cease to fertilize, otherwise the plant may die.
Transplant and substrate
When the arrow and the flower itself dry, the plant enters a dormant period. This is a sign that the plant can be transplanted. The pot is selected based on the size of the bulb, so that from the top of the bulb to the border there are 3-5 cm.
A developed root system needs a deep capacity. When choosing a pot for a plant, pay attention to the raw material from which it is produced. A plastic container will not be able to provide stability to a plant with sprawling stems, rather a ceramic pot will do.
In the container where the bulb will be planted, drainage is laid, soil is poured on top. It is purchased in a horticultural store or turf, leaf, and humus soil are mixed on their own and sand is added to the resulting substrate.
Inspect the bulb before transplanting. Check for cracks, dents, stains, etc. Damaged places are cut off, the site is treated with foundationazole. Some gardeners recommend sprinkling charcoal on exposed areas.
The transplanted bulb is cleaned of spoiled roots, the dry skin is removed and seedlings are removed, planted in a pot so that 1/3 of the bulb remains outside, watered.
Diseases and parasites
Belladonna does not tolerate overflow and can rot, so it is very important to monitor the condition of the soil.
With increased moisture levels, belladonna suffers from fungal infections. One of the signs of the disease is that dark spots appear on the leaves of the plant with a touch: this is anthracnose. The affected leaves are disposed of, and the soil is watered with a fungicide solution.
Diseases also affect the stems of the plant. The spots on them are gray rot. To avoid the death of Belladonna, at the first sign she is immediately transplanted into a new pot with fresh soil and reduce watering.
The appearance of red spots on the leaves and / or stalk of amaryllis is called by gardeners stagonosporosis. The disease can be caused by non-compliance with the temperature regime for the plant, as well as sudden changes in temperature.
Amaryllis can be affected by pests:
- Thrips. Insects eat leaves, live on the back of the plant leaf. In the fight against parasites will help "Iskra", "Fitoverm", "Aktara." Handle according to instructions.
- Onion tick. It affects the bulb of the plant, because of this it is difficult to find. The stem and leaves begin to rot. In the fight against onion mites, lowering the temperature in the room and treating the onion with the Celtan preparation will help.
- Aphid. The parasite drinks the juice of the plant. At the initial stage of aphid damage, the plant is washed with a solution of green potassium soap. If time is lost, resort to special chemicals.
- Mealy and Amaryllis Worms - The most common insects that infect Belladonna. It’s easy to find them - after it, spots similar to cotton wool remain on the plant. The preparations "Iskra", "Aktara", "Admiral" will help to cope with pests.
The temperature in the room where the Belladonna amaryllis is located should be + 20 ... 25 ° C. In the winter months - + 10 ... 15 ° С. During the rest period, the temperature in the room with the Belladonna is +10 ° С.
Watering and humidity
Amaryllis is watered regularly, it is necessary to ensure that the earth has time to dry after the last watering. Provide no more than 80% air humidity in the room with Beladonna and at least 50% when the plant is at a dormant stage. During dormancy, the plant is watered less often.
Why amaryllis does not bloom
If belladonna falls into unfavorable conditions for her, she ceases to bloom. This may be a violation of the temperature regime in the room, the level of soil moisture. Dense soil and too deep bulb planting can have an adverse effect.
The lack of sunlight will reduce the quality of flowering: the number of buds will be reduced, the flowers themselves will become smaller. A similar picture can be observed if the bulb was in a room with minus temperature and if seedlings were not removed from the bulb when transplanted.
Advice! Foliage that withers is not cut: it will fall naturally.
There are frequent cases when amaryllis grows not one, but two arrows with buds. In this case, the plant will use up more energy and will not bloom the next time: it will take more time to recover.
Belladonna, whose age of the bulb does not exceed 4 years, does not have time to collect the forces necessary for flowering. Young plants do not bloom. They continue to be kept in the sunlight, watered and fed, waiting for them to grow.
Transplantation and reproduction rules
Amaryllis is transplanted into a new pot annually. When the plant fades, the diseased roots of the plant are cut off, the seedlings are removed and planted in a new house. Seedlings are transplanted into separate containers, if necessary.
The root system grows so that it fills the entire potholding all the ground on itself. This is an indicator that everything is in order with the plant.
This type of propagation is suitable for breeders to breed new varieties. It will take about 10 years before the amaryllis, grown from a seed, blooms. The method is irrational for indoor floriculture.
Pollen is applied to the pestle of an adult amaryllis, after which a box with seeds will form at the beginning of the stem. It will grow for 1 month. As soon as the seeds are extracted, they are planted in sand and a container with them is placed in a dark place. Moisten the soil with a spray. After 2 months, young plants are planted.
Propagation by sprouts, or, as they are also called, "children", is perhaps the most common way. The amaryllis bulb Belladonna splits on its own, if properly looked after.
When planting "children" apply the same soil as for the mother's bulb. Transplanted neatly without damaging the roots of the plant. The bulb sections from which the sprouts are separated are treated with charcoal.
Important! The bulb, preparing for the dormant stage, is not touched. "Kids" planted in the spring.
Bulb division propagation
A small bulb cannot be propagated in this way. The bulb of Belladonna is divided into equal segments, leaving the roots of each. Slices are dried and sprinkled with charcoal. The resulting parts are planted in sand, kept at a temperature of +25 ° C, watered. When a pair of leaves grows, the young plant is transplanted into the soil for adult Belladonna. The new amaryllis will bloom in the third year of life.
Outdoor cultivation of Amaryllis Belladonna
Amaryllis grows in open ground. The place for planting the Belladonna is chosen in the open sun, where there is no shadow or little.
Drain holes are laid in the dug holes, then the bulbs are planted to a depth of 20–25 cm. Adult plants are planted once every four years after the leaves have fallen.
Before the onset of cold weather, the plant is sheltered. To do this, use dry foliage, a mowed lawn or other covering material. Lay a layer 10-15 cm thick.
There is danger behind the incredible beauty of amaryllis flowers: its leaves contain substances that are potentially dangerous to people and pets.
Toxins are also found in the bulb and stem of the plant. They can cause a decrease in blood pressure, increased salivation, a malfunction of the respiratory system, and a general deterioration in well-being.
An insignificant dose of substances will not cause serious harm to an adult, unlike children and pets. A poisonous flower is best kept out of their reach, and if signs of poisoning are detected, an ambulance must be called immediately.
People with sensitive skin are advised to work with belladonna gloves..
Amaryllis Belladonna will undoubtedly be the highlight of the plot or apartment. It is a misconception that Belladonna is rather a houseplant. Even in open ground, it will amaze anyone with its beauty, especially if more than one variety of amaryllis with large, bright flowers has been planted on the site. True connoisseurs will surely appreciate the place where Amaryllis Belladonna grows.