Kalanchoe felt: a description of the appearance, features of planting, as well as recommendations for care
Felt Kalanchoe or Timentoza (kalanchoe tomentosa)
This plant was brought from Madagascar; it is often compared with cat ears. The stem of this plant is even and straight. Escape completely covered with hairs.
The flower has umbellate inflorescences, long leaves, a short corolla tube. Plant has several varieties. Often flowers are used as decoration.
Description of Kalanchoe felt
It should be noted that such a plant can hardly be called quite demanding in care, however, certain rules of cultivation will be required. As for the light regime, the plant should be kept either in the sun or in partial shade. In the summer, watering should be maintained in a moderate state, and air humidity should remain average. The life form of felt Kalanchoe is leaf succulent.
This plant is grown not only in winter gardens, but also in greenhouses. Throughout the summer season, Kalanchoe felt can be used as a profitable decoration for balconies. Also, the plant is quite often found in picturesque groups and compositions, which will include other succulent plants. In addition, plants are often grown in rooms and general premises. Under the condition of such cultivation, light windows should be preferred.
As for the maximum sizes in the culture, the felt Kalanchoe can reach up to fifty centimeters.
Kalanchoe felt grows on granite rocks on the island of Madagascar.
Kalanchoe felt (Kalanchoe tomentosa)
Representatives of this species are shrubs. The stem is erect, leaves with small hairs. Miniature flowers are collected in inflorescences-umbrellas.
Kalanchoe felt (Kalanchoe tomentosa)
The birthplace of such a plant is Madagascar, its representatives are shrubs. On the surface of erect stems there is pubescence. The shape of the whole-seated sessile leaf plates is elongated-ovate, their width is about 15 mm, and their length is up to 60 mm. Umbrellas are made up of small flowers.
Botanical description and history
In the natural environment, the plant grows in Southeast Asia and Madagascar. It differs in a thin stem with a fluffy surface, the length of which is 40 cm. The leaves have the shape of a triangle with pronounced denticles. Their color is olive.
Flowering occurs in June-July. The flowers are small in size, pale yellow. Behar Kalanchoe in the process of care needs to be trimmed, as over time its leaves remain only at the top. This problem can be solved by pruning and replanting the flower.
This is an upright shrub, which is popularly called "cat ears". It differs in lowered shoots, sitting oblong-ovate leaves. Inflorescences are in the form of umbrellas. The size of the flowers is small, they consist of a corolla tube and petals, the length of which is 12 mm.
Features Kalanchoe felt in abundant flowering. In nature, this variety grows in the south of the Arabian Peninsula. Flowering occurs in April-May. You can grow a decorative culture at home or in a cool room.
Plant size and type:
Kalanchoe felt (Kalanchoe tomentosa) is a succulent shrub up to 45 cm high. A dense, fleecy coating on the leaves performs a vital function of preserving moisture. In conditions of drought, it allows you to save the small amount of water that the plant absorbs from the soil. The villi inhibit the movement of air near the surface of the leaves, reducing moisture loss during evaporation.
To top it all off, the hairy cover protects the leaves from harsh environmental conditions, and its white-silver color reflects light, reducing the likelihood of overheating of the leaves.
The stem is thick, lignified, up to 45 cm high. In an adult plant, the stem branches and forms numerous leaf rosettes.
The leaves are collected in a loose rosette, they are oval, 3–8 cm long, covered with thin silver bristly hairs, with the exception of spots on the edges, the villi of which are painted rusty orange in young leaves and chocolate brown in old ones.
In nature, this plant blooms with pubescent bell-shaped flowers; flowering rarely occurs indoors.
Description of the features of the care and cultivation of Kalanchoe felt
It should be noted that Kalanchoe felt is recommended to be transplanted every two years. When transplanting, you should choose pots of standard proportions. As for the composition of the land mixture, it is recommended to combine one part of sand, sheet land and sod land. The acidity of such soil can be either neutral or slightly acidic.
It is important to remember that in case of insufficient lighting, the plant will stretch quite strongly. If the temperature regime is kept at a low level for a long time, and rather sharp fluctuations in air humidity and even soil occur, then on the leaves and stalks of felt Kalanchoe, there may appear corked growths.
A plant can be affected by rot when the air temperature is kept at an elevated level for a long time, and the soil moisture is also quite high.
Throughout the rest period, it is important to ensure the temperature regime of felt Kalanchoe at about ten to fifteen degrees. Watering the plant will require rare, and air humidity should remain standard. When the cultivation of felt Kalanchoe occurs at room conditions, the dormant period is forced and lasts from October to the month of February. The occurrence of such a period of rest should be associated with the fact that the illumination is low, and air humidity also remains low.
Reproduction of felt Kalanchoe can occur by rooting both leafy and stem shoots. It is important to remember that the specific requirements of this culture include constant bright lighting and fairly moderate watering, which at the same time should remain regular.
The leaves of felt Kalanchoe are very decorative, in fact, thanks to its leaves, this plant is appreciated among gardeners. The leaves of this plant are endowed with a rather thick pubescence, which in color will be silver-gray. It should be noted that under the condition of growing felt Kalanchoe at home, the flowering of this plant is extremely rare. Nevertheless, this plant remains popular and is able to bring new colors to the interior of literally any room.
Landing operations should take into account the following recommendations:
- A wooden box is suitable for planting. Oh should not be too deep. Be sure to provide drainage.
- Fill the container with drainage and soil mixture, and lay the planting material on top. It is not necessary to deepen it into the ground.
- Cover the container with polyethylene and install in a warm place.
- After 7-10 days, the first shoots will appear. Since that time, the film can be removed more often and longer.
- Watering is not necessary, just spray the seedlings with warm water.
- With the advent of 2-3 leaves, you can begin to pick. To do this, prepare separate containers. Pour fresh soil into them and plant 2-3 plants.
Lighting and location
Kalanchoe responds positively to ambient light. Grow it at home on window sills that face south, east or west.
Kalanchoe to the air temperature is undemanding 20-24 ° C in summer and 12-15 ° C in winter. At high temperatures in the winter, his kidneys do not appear.
Kalanchoe soil prefers loose and nutritious. Better to cook it yourself. To do this, you need to take such components in a ratio of 4: 2: 1: 1:
- deciduous land;
- turf land;
There is another recipe for a nutrient substrate.:
- peat - 4 parts;
- turf land - 1 part;
- sand - 1 part.
The plant tolerates land from turf and leaf well, humus and sand should be added in equal parts. Drain is mandatory at the bottom of the pot.
For planting Kalanchoe use special soil for cacti and succulents or a mixture based on fertile soil with the addition of a small amount of coarse sand. Good drainage is needed; for this, put a small layer of clay shards on the bottom of the pot. Kalanchoe felt grows slowly, so in a larger pot it needs to be replanted every two years, and a mature plant is even less common. The maximum pot size should be about 13 cm.
How to care
Kalanchoe is a succulent. Its peculiarity is the ability to accumulate moisture in leaves and stems, so that moderate watering suitable for this plant.
During the summer heat, humidification is plentiful. But carry it out only by drying the topsoil. In winter, watering is less common, but do not allow the soil to completely dry out, as this will cause the leaves to fall off.
Water should be settled, soft, room temperature. You can pour it in a pan or on top of a pot. Due to the accumulated moisture, Kalanchoe feels great in dry air.
He does not need spraying. This procedure is only useful during heat. Wipe the leaf carefully with a damp cloth to remove dust.
In the spring-summer period, it is important to feed. Do this once every 2 weeks. Moreover, it is worth alternating mineral and organic compounds. Fertilizers designed for cacti and succulents are suitable. But only dilute them with water in a concentration 2 less than that indicated in the instructions. Repeat dressing while laying buds.
Young plants need to be transplanted every year, when the spring dormancy period ends, more adults - after 2-3 years.
With this procedure, Kalanchoe will form long shoots. This type of flower has stems that, when a specific length is reached, bend over the edge of the pot. Cuttings of similar species to plant a few pieces along the edge of the container. Over time, they will take root, grow up and begin to hang. During flowering, the plant will have a very decorative appearance. Not even a flowering plant looks unusual and decorative if its stems hang in the walls of the pot.
To obtain earlier flowering of the flower, it is necessary to reduce the duration of daylight hours to 9-10 hours. But to obtain bright and large colors requires intense lighting. If you cut off the inflorescences, then they can stand for 3 weeks in waterwill not lose their beauty. As soon as flowering is completed, cut the stems. This will save a neat look of culture. Cut off parts can be used as planting material when propagated by cuttings.
Common Diseases and Pests
Kalanchoe Behara is rarely affected by disease. They arise mainly with improper care. Most often, the flower is affected by mold, which is formed as a result of low air temperature.
Of the fungal diseases, powdery mildew is considered the most dangerous. It is formed as a result of elevated air temperature or heavy watering. For the fight using fungicides. Stems can also be exposed and stretched. But you should not worry, because this process is natural.
Of parasites, Kalanchoe can affect aphids, whiteflies and spider mites. Insecticides will help to cure the plant, wiping the leaves with soap and water, spraying with ash infusion.
The most harmless drug for controlling parasites remains green potash soap. Dilute it in water (1 liter of water and 20 g of soap). Wash the plant with the resulting solution, only before that wrap the soil with polyethylene. After the first treatment, the result will be noticeable. You will learn all the details about the care, reproduction and cultivation of flowering species of Kalanchoe from these articles:
Diseases and pests:
The fleshy leaves of Kalanchoe attract mealybugs, and because of the silver-white color of the hairs that cover the leaves, pests can not be immediately noticed. Therefore, it is necessary to regularly and thoroughly inspect the plant. The periodic use of systemic insecticides based on imidacloprid will protect the plant from mealybugs.
Kalanchoe felt can be affected by rot, which usually begins with the roots. If the disease is detected early, you can cut off the ends of the stems and, having rooted them, get new plants.
This plant can be propagated in spring and summer leafy or stem cuttings. Leafy cuttings before planting need to be dried for a week, and then planted in fresh soil. The rooting of the leaf Kalanchoe felt cuttings takes place within four weeks.
Stalk cuttings can be obtained after pruning. They also need to be dried before planting. Cuttings are easily rooted in pots with a diameter of 8 cm, filled with a mixture of sphagnum and sand. The pot should be placed in a warm place, illuminated by bright filtered light, and watered when the topsoil dries 1–2 cm. Cuttings take root in about 4 weeks. When the root system is formed and the growth begins, young Kalanchoe can be transplanted into a pot with a standard soil mixture and taken care of as an adult plant.
How to grow felt Kalanchoe. To summarize.
Kalanchoe is a plant that "lives" in almost any modern home. There are about 130 varieties of Kalanchoe and all differ significantly from each other. One variety of Kalanchoe can produce bright and beautiful inflorescences, and the other, instead of luxurious flowers, has incredibly large and beautiful leaves filled with healing juice.
Today we’ll talk about one rather rare form: felt Kalanchoe. This plant came to our country from the island of Madagascar. At first glance, there is nothing remarkable in felt Kalanchoe. “Growth” it is not more than 50-60 centimeters. The stalk gradually becomes like a tree trunk and is covered with the likeness of a tree bark. Short stems “dressed” in small leaves diverge from this stem to the sides.
It is the leaves that are the main advantage of felt Kalanchoe. The leaf of this plant is fleshy and has an elongated shape, and most importantly - its entire surface is covered with a thin layer of a white gun. Because of this coating, leaves from a distance do not appear green, but bluish. In addition, a row of dark-colored denticles is visible along the edge of the sheet. These cloves are a bit like the ears of a Siamese cat. Due to this distinguishing feature, felt Kalanchoe is often called: "cat ears."
As for the flowering of felt Kalanchoe, this is extremely rare in the microclimate of a modern apartment. In the wild, the inflorescence of this plant has a purple hue and looks very much like an umbrella.
The first thing you should not forget about, being carried away by the cultivation of this species of Kalanchoe is light. It can stand indefinitely under “directed” rays of the sun, and these rays will not do any harm to the felt Kalanchoe. But if there is not enough light, then the Kalanchoe very quickly deforms in length, and then dies.
If the surrounding air is dry - it does not matter. The plant easily tolerates a lack of moisture in the air and does not require additional watering. And so that in winter the plant retains its shape and does not change: it is best to keep it where there is a lot of light, and the temperature does not exceed 17-18 degrees.
The best capacity for planting Kalanchoe is a moderate-sized pot. There are only two requirements to be fulfilled: the pot must be filled with high-quality soil, and drainage should be placed at the bottom.A soil neutral to the reaction is best, but slightly acidic is acceptable. The growth of felt Kalanchoe is a long process and this is another plus of this plant: it will not need to be “transferred” too often from one container to another. The term for transplanting a grown plant usually comes in 2 years.
To plant felt Kalanchoe in the soil is very simple: for this it is enough to have a small leafy stalk of the plant. A stalk taken from the stem is also used for planting. The planted stalk soon enough takes root. The main thing at this time is to carefully monitor the temperature: you do not need to allow it to fall below 19 degrees, since this greatly slows down the process of forming the roots of the plant. Dense wetting during this period is not required, just moisten the soil a little. For the formation of a dense root structure, the plant requires at least two weeks.
Irrigate felt Kalanchoe is only purified water. If it is taken from the tap, then she must be allowed to stand so that the adverse substances settle on the bottom of the dishes, and the chlorine evaporates. Watering Kalanchoe is necessary only under the root, avoiding the contact of water with leaves. The optimal watering regime in the summer is once every two days. In winter, it is worth wetting the soil of the plant once every 7 days. In general, irrigate Kalanchoe in winter should be very careful. As already mentioned above, in winter, it is recommended to cool indoors. If the Kalanchoe is in a cool room, and it is often filled with cold water a lot, then this will inevitably cause rotting of the roots.
Do not forget about fertilizers. Fertilizers “present” the plant with the best conditions for existence, and it will be able to please its owner for a very long time. Particularly significant is the issue of fertilizers in early spring and late fall. As a fertilizer, additives to the soil for ordinary cacti purchased in any pet store are mainly suitable. Top dressing is added to the soil within a month, with an interval of once every two weeks.
In conclusion, we can say: the plant is noble, “undemanding,” long delights the owner’s eye, and most importantly, even a novice grower can breed it.