Pepper Dragon's tongue (Spicy): description, photos and reviews, how to grow a bitter indoor variety of a house on a balcony, planting and care, burning on a scale
Description and characteristics of the variety
Hot pepper Dragon's tongue was created by Zedek. In 2000, the variety was introduced into the State Register with admission to all regions. It is usually grown in open ground or temporary shelters, and in the coldest areas - in a greenhouse. Landing is also possible on the balcony. The bush is medium-sized and powerful, quite tall - from 60 cm to a meter. When grown on a balcony, it is tied up and shaped.
Early ripening - from 97 to 110 days after germination to technical ripeness. It takes about 2 weeks before the biological one, but the fruits can be ripened indoors.
- small sizes - 14-18 g, according to other sources - up to 20-25 g;
- length 10-12 cm, peppers elongated, thin, trunk-shaped;
- very thin walls - about 1 mm;
- inside 2 seed nests;
- aroma pronounced and strong, pepper;
- the taste is moderately spicy.
According to the Scoville scale, the acuity of the fruit reaches 500-2500 SHU.
Sometimes the fruits are eaten fresh, but because of their dry, thin wall, it is preferable to add them to dishes and preservation as spices, and also to dry and grind to make paprika.
To get a good crop, first of all, you should carefully approach the choice of seeds, especially considering the fact that there are a huge number of them. Hot peppers can equally well be grown in open ground, in greenhouses and greenhouses, as well as on the balcony.
What should not be forgotten for seeds of different varieties:
- Climatic conditions affect the burning ability of fruits: if they grow in a dry and cool climate, then the sharpness will not be as strong as pepper, which was grown in wetter and hotter conditions.
- It is recommended to germinate the seeds in advance on wet wipes, without this stage, the time of appearance of the first seedlings can take from 2 to 4 weeks.
- When planting, it is imperative to observe the correct distance between plants, since a lack of sunlight will negatively affect the future crop.
- For cultivation in open ground, it is better to choose seed material of early ripeness in order to have time to harvest before the onset of the first frost.
- For foreign breeding, there is an SHU indicator or a measure of Scoville severity. This indicator will tell how sharp the pods will be.
- Rarely found varieties can be found in specialized stores or from connoisseurs of collectors.
Hot pepper seed germination
Cultivation and care
Water pepper after sunset to protect against sunburn. Water is defended in the sun or heated to + 22-24 degrees. Introduce e under the root. The frequency depends on weather conditions, usually 1-2 times a week.
Ground formation is not required.
Make three top dressings:
- At the seedling stage or 2-3 weeks after transplantation - with nitrogen fertilizer, it is possible organic.
- During flowering - a mineral complex, for example, "Kemira".
- During fruiting, top dressing is repeated with a mineral complex with potassium and phosphorus.
Fruits are drooping, trunk-shaped, smooth, glossy, in technical ripeness of green, in biological - red, 10-12 cm long, weighing 14-18 grams. Fruits have a pleasant specific sharp aroma and 7 points burning. This pepper is used to make paprika, as a spice for sauces, various pastes, during salting and canning, in the medical and distillery industries.
Grade Advantages: original fruit shape, strong pepper aroma and pungency.
Hot pepper variety Dragon's tongue is included in the State Register of the Russian Federation for garden plots, home gardens and small farms for cultivation in the open ground and under film shelters.
If you grew hot pepper Dragon's tongue, please write if you liked it or not. What was the yield in your climatic conditions? If possible, attach a photo of your peppers to the comment. Thank!
The best varieties
Productivity, marketability and taste depend on the choice of variety. Some plants are suitable for growing in warm regions, while others show a stable yield in the Urals and Siberia.
Get seeds in online stores or from familiar gardeners. Consider the best varieties of hot pepper with the characteristics of productivity, growing characteristics and photos.
The Queen of Spades
The decorative variety Queen of Spades has an attractive appearance: small glossy fruits of red, yellow and purple color stick out on the bush in all directions. The bushes are compact, the height does not exceed 40 cm. The leaves are dark green, small. The length of the pepper is 10 cm, weight is about 12 g.
In winter, the Queen of Spades is grown indoors. The variety is mid-season, from germination to technical maturity 100-115 days pass. In summer, the plant is planted in greenhouses or open ground.
Peppers have a rich aroma and taste, are used to make powder and universal seasonings.
Spicy pepper matures in 100-110 days from the appearance of the first shoots. The plant is immune to diseases and pests, about 90 fruits ripen on the same bush at the same time. In the south, peppers are planted in open beds, in the north - in greenhouses and greenhouses. The fruits are rich red, glossy, elongated. The length of the pepper is 12 cm, weight is about 18 g. The bushes are powerful and sprawling, reaching a height of 70 cm. The leaves are green, medium in size.
Interesting! Variety Dragon's tongue is used to make paprika, spices and seasonings. The fruits have a strong burning aroma and taste. Spices are actively used in Georgian, Korean, Chinese cuisine.
In summer, the plant is grown on a balcony or loggia, in winter - on a windowsill. The variety is unpretentious in care, however, it needs regular watering and top dressing with organic fertilizers.
Leafy bushes, 30-40 cm high. The ripening period is about 4 months, the fruits are small, spherical. The peel is glossy, smooth, red. The weight of the pepper is 5 g, the wall thickness is 1 mm.
The fruits have a burning taste and aromaare universal in application.
This is a large early variety of hot pepper. The bush is undersized, compact, closed with large leaves. Requires formation and fixation to the support. For planting, seedlings should be used at the age of 60-70 days. It is planted in loose fertile soil according to a 40x50 cm pattern. A maximum of 3-4 plants should be placed on 1 m2. Productivity is about 7 kg / 1 m2.
The fruit is conical, elongated, sunny in color. It is used in home cooking and for pickling. The average weight is 60 g. The surface of the skin is smooth and glossy, the wall thickness is 4 mm. The taste is moderately burning.
Mid-season species. Ripens before technical maturity in 120 days, before biological - in 140. The bush is low (can reach 60 cm), compact, pyramidal in shape with medium-sized, slightly wrinkled leaves. High immunity to verticillosis and bacteriosis is noted.
Seeds are used for growing seedlings. Keep in mind that Spark is a very thermophilic culture. Therefore, bitter pepper is planted in open ground after the threat of return frost has passed. To do this, you need to choose a well-lit area with fertile soil. Watering is moderate.
The fruit is formed conical, narrow, elongated, cherry in the phase of biological maturity. Weight - about 20 g, individual specimens can reach 35 g. The skin is glossy, the wall thickness is 1.5 mm. Productivity is 4 kg / 1m2.
Tricks of the summer resident: How to collect more pepper
The sparkle has a bright aroma and pungent taste. It is used in canning and pickling, as well as in cooking to spice up dishes.
Medium early plant. The bush is low (reaches 50 cm). The crown is sprawling, elongated cone-shaped, with small leaves. Culture does not need to be formed. This is one of the best drought tolerant varieties. The mother-in-law does not need to be watered often, but it is better to plant it in a well-lit area.
Seeds of hot pepper are sown to obtain seedlings, which are transplanted into the soil at 60 days of age. Loamy, breathable soils are preferred for this crop. Planting pattern is 60x30 cm. Plant productivity is 3 kg / 1m2.
The fruit is formed large, trunk-shaped, drooping, elongated, slightly curved. Its length is 10-12 cm, and weight is 40-45 g. The skin is glossy, bright scarlet, moderately wrinkled. The wall thickness is 2 mm. The taste is extremely spicy with a bright pepper aroma. Mother-in-law's tongue is used to prepare winter preparations, and is used as a spice in home cooking.
Mid early hot pepper variety for open ground. The growing season is up to 130 days. The plant is large enough, can reach 80-90 cm in height. Crohn semi-spreading, with slightly wrinkled leaves. On one plant, about 20-25 fruits can ripen. The culture easily tolerates drought.
Pepper is formed narrow, very long, conical in shape. The weight, depending on the specimen, varies within 90 g. The skin is smooth, glossy, dark red in the biological phase of maturity. The wall thickness is about 4 mm.
Carabas Barabas has a very bitter, burning taste. It can be used as a spice in the preparation of everyday dishes, as well as for canning. However, it should be remembered that even a small amount of it will give the dish a strong poignancy. Therefore, it should be used with caution, especially to people who are not familiar with such spices.
Mid-season. The bush is small, semi-sprawling, grows to 70 cm. Fruits are long, trunk-shaped, red. In a section thickness of 1.5-2 mm. High resistance to cold, high productivity. Weak aroma, semi-hot taste.
He does not like the shadow.
Hot pepper Impala
It tolerates heat, ripens early, brings a big harvest. The bush is massive, reaches a height of 70 cm, dotted with peppers. They are large, weighing 80 grams. Matured becomes saturated - red. The vegetable has an interesting taste and spiciness. Reference! Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus.
Hot pepper grade Ostryak
Early ripe. It grows in open and closed ground. The bush is small, medium height, large-leaved. Fruits are red, with a dark shade, shiny, conical, grow up. Productivity is high. It is not affected by illness and temperature changes.
The variety tolerates drought well, but cannot tolerate poor lighting. Suitable for drying, storage, salting.
The hottest and one of the most fruitful is the Mexican pepper Habanero. Mid-season hybrid with low bushes bears fruit all year round, possible forcing at home and in the greenhouse. But in regions with a mild climate, Habanero excellently produces crops on the street - almost 1 kg from a bush and about 4.5-6 kilograms per square meter. The skin color of short blunted slightly wrinkled fruits (weight 20–50 g) of the variety can vary from red to bright yellow. But true connoisseurs of burning seasoning are inclined to believe that the real Habanero is orange-brown at the stage of biological ripeness. This pepper is loved for its pronounced pungency and high stubbornness - only daredevils despair to taste fresh pulp, and for marinades this is an ideal option.
Hot Chilli Hot Peppers
Early ripe hybrid variety. Productivity is high, the taste is acutely burning. Super chili peppers are large, located under the foliage. Almost ripe fruits of almost cherry color. Eat fresh, dried, salted.
This variety should not be grown next to other peppers in order to avoid pollination of plants.
Hot pepper grade Cayenne
A relatively new look. Grows in greenhouses and a room (previously seeds are planted on seedlings). Productivity is high. Fruits are thin, medium length. Bushes are high, reach one and a half meters. Be sure to tie up. The taste is relatively hot. It is used for cooking, canning, powder processing.
In open ground, seedlings are planted.
20 (5 seeds) A good medium early grade of hot pepper for greenhouses and temporary shelters. A plant of moderate growth, a height of not more than 0.5 m, compact. Fruits are elongated, proboscis or narrow-cone-shaped, smooth, with full ripening, dark red, weighing from 50 to 70 g, length 15 - 20 cm, thick-walled (4 - 5 mm). The severity of hot pepper fans is rated as average, and by amateurs as fairly decent. The variety of hot pepper Flame is well known in the Moscow region. You can grow it at home, if there is backlighting. The main advantages:
- relatively large fruits
- strong spicy aroma
- resistance to verticillosis
- not even light shading
- susceptibility to apical rot and anthracnose
Russian size F1
35 (15 seeds) Mid-early hybrid of hot peppers for open ground and film greenhouses. The bush is powerful, 0.8-1 m high, with large leaves. Fruits in the form of a narrowed cylinder, with a pointed and often curved nose, curved, without pronounced ribs, dark red in biological ripeness, 20–25 cm long, thick-walled, of medium sharpness. Hot peppers Russian size adapted in the Russian climate, ripens well and pleases with a stable crop. The main advantages:
- large and fleshy fruits
- heat resistance
- resistance to common diseases
- high yield
- severity is highly dependent on growing conditions
Cap of parsley (domestic selection)
20 (5 seeds) Domestic grade of hot pepper with good adaptation. A variety of medium early ripening. Suitable for open ground and film shelters. The plant forms a branched and sprawling bush 0.9 - 1 m high. The fruits are wide-cylindrical, with a pointed nose, similar to a cap, slightly ribbed, pale green in technical ripeness, juicy orange, when fully ripened, 4-5 cm long and with a diameter 3 - 4 cm, average weight 10 - 15 g, thin-walled (2 - 3 mm). Differs in plasticity in different weather conditions and does not require early January sowing for seedlings. The main advantages:
- adapted to the climate of the middle lane
- unpretentious in leaving
- high decorativeness
- sharpness 200 - 250 thousand units
- available seeds
- large bush, requiring a lot of space when growing indoors
45 (5 seeds) This is a habanero from South Africa. The plant is powerful, in the greenhouse grows up to 1.5 m in height. In containers, bushes do not exceed 0.8 m, sprawling. In the middle lane in the open field, Fatali hot peppers will not give a good result. The growing season from seedlings to biological ripeness exceeds 190 days. The variety is sensitive to the level and duration of lighting, therefore, in the autumn-winter and winter-spring periods it requires additional exposure. Fruits are cylindrical, pointed, ribbed, with a slightly tuberous surface, up to 4-6 cm long, with a small number of seeds inside, fleshy, change color from juicy green to milky white or snow-white. The main advantages:
- sharpness 250 - 300 thousand units
- strong citrus aroma and taste
- high productivity
- good pollination
- poorly adapted in the climatic zone of Central Russia
Habanero Orange (Habanero Orange)
In Central America, this type of hot pepper is the most cultivated member of the Habanero variety. This is a very hot pepper, often used as a seasoning in dried and crushed form. By maturity dates refers to mid-season. Shrub 0.7 - 0.9 m high, strongly branched, with medium oblong leaves.
Bouquet type of fruit formation, 4 to 5 pieces per node.Fruits are conical, with a pointed nose, tuberous, with a wrinkled surface, up to 4 cm in length and up to 2 cm in diameter, average weight 40 g, on a stalk long, thin-walled, bright orange when fully ripened. The vegetation period from seedlings to ripening is 180 - 195 days.
In the middle zone and the Moscow region in some years does not have time to give the entire crop. Preferably grown in greenhouses or under film shelter. Habanero hot peppers are well suited for indoor cultivation. The main advantages:
- sharpness on the Scovilla scale 200 - 350 thousand units
- bright fruity aroma
- copious fruiting (800 - 900 fruits per plant in greenhouse conditions)
- slows growth in adverse conditions
Black Pearl F1
Blue-black slightly elongated peppercorns of the American hybrid The black pearl F1 with a glossy tint weighs no more than 5-15 g; when ripe, they turn red. Mid-season hybrid of Thomas Barksdale is not registered in the State Register of the Russian Federation. Shrubs are compact (up to 40 cm), sprawling with purple-brownish narrow leaves. By pungency, "pearls" are superior to slightly sharp varieties; Fruits of an unusual color are more likely to be suitable for dressings and canned snacks, they can be successfully dried for future use.
Indoor pepper Black pearl F1 plant perennial, with the onset of heat, the bushes can be transplanted to the beds; with balanced fertilizer application, the yield of the hybrid is very impressive - 0.6–1 kg per square meter
The mid-early pepper with a spherical crown Phoenix (agrofirm Search) looks decoratively in the beds and in tubs on the window. Neat red-fruited obtuse end-fruits are gathered in a bouquet, they are distinguished by a pleasant rich burningness - they make dried seasoning and put them in slices in brine. The heat-loving, but shade-tolerant Phoenix can be grown in different ways - in a greenhouse, in beds or at home.
Agrofirm search offers us to plant a low productive red-fruited pepper of an original form, the burning ability of which is impressive. This is Lamb horn - pepper for whole marinating. Many who have tried Ram's horn with narrow scarlet fruits, bent at the end, say that it is quite sharp and the most juicy of all domestic peppers. It is grown everywhere - in the north and in the southern regions, it bears fruit well at home, but more often it is planted in beds (yield - 3.8 kg / m2). Fruit weight - 20 g. The variety is not afraid of excess moisture and heat.
Small-fruited undersized variety Bride is a bouquet-type bitter pepper with small cone-shaped fruits, the skin of which has different shades from light orange to burgundy at different stages of ripening. Glossy fruitlets gain 7-10 g, suitable for whole-canning. From the dried peppers, an excellent seasoning is obtained, the Bride is a rather sharp and strongly aromatic variety of burning vegetable.
Many people grow pepper Bride on the windowsill; in the soil, this variety also has a high yield - up to 2 kg per square meter
Lightning - black, red, gold
The early ripe hybrid Lightning F1 is presented in three “nominations” in the State Register of the Russian Federation - red-fruited (Lightning red F1), maroon (Lightning black F1) and orange (Lightning golden F1). All three varieties are tall, grow relatively well in the greenhouse and in the beds, belong to semi-hot peppers with fruits in the form of a cone, they originally emphasize both fresh snacks and pickled ones.
One cannot but note the bitter pepper Tsitsak with Armenian-Georgian roots - a vegetable with a real Caucasian character, sweet-spicy and very fragrant. This tall variety (60–100 cm) is the result of folk selection. Fruits are bright red elongated with smooth skin, weighing 30-50 g. Tsitsak is dried, dried, frozen, seasonings are prepared from it, juicy flesh with pointy is added to marinades and brines. This is a high-yielding variety (almost 4 kg / m2) with excellent fruit keeping quality.
Tsitsak is photophilous and demanding of heat, prefers fertile soil - it is better to grow it in a shelter
Hot pepper house growing
Hot peppers are excellent for long-term cultivation in room conditions. Summer residents use two options:
1) initially planting seedlings in a pot for constant growth on the windowsill;
2) planting seedlings in open ground with subsequent autumn transplantation in a container for growing in the autumn-winter period. In any case, sowing seeds for seedlings without irradiation is carried out in mid-February.
Soil for adult plants is prepared independently. It should be nutritious and neutral. For one plant, take a pot of 5 - 10 liters. Located on the south, southeast or southwest side. Ideally, light up the lamp. Timely watering, which is best done in the interval from early morning to lunch, is very important. Irrigation water is defended so that it has room temperature.
In winter, due to heating systems, the air in the room is always drier, so it is recommended to place a container of water near the peppers to humidify the surrounding air. In the process of growing with an interval of 2 to 3 weeks, fertilizing with potassium and phosphorus is used. Have a good harvest!
What varieties to plant in a greenhouse?
The greenhouse is the best place to grow pepper bushes. Greenhouse conditions can satisfy all the whims of a tropical vegetable. The most common plants grown in greenhouses are the following varieties:
- Hungarian yellow - small neat bushes with small yellow peppers. The compact size of the plant saves greenhouse space.
- Astrakhan 628 is a mid-season and high-yielding pepper with medium cone-shaped fruits. As they mature, the color of the peppers changes from bright green to deep red. The bushes are half-meter, compact and neat.
- Jubilee VNIISSOK - tall, spreading plants of early ripening fruits. Peppers are dark red, moderately sharp.
- Filius Bleu - dwarf peppers that take up little space in the greenhouse. The fruits are multi-colored, very sharp in taste. Peppers are used for cooking all kinds of culinary dishes and as a seasoning.
- A small miracle is a fast-growing and absolutely unpretentious variety that does not require serious care. Bushes bear fruit abundantly, but with very small peppers. The fruits are distinguished by excellent taste and pleasant pepper aroma.
The unusual shape of the fruit is distinguished by such plants:
- Beak of a falcon;
- The Queen of Spades;
- Yellow mushroom;
- Garda Fireworks;
- Octopus New Year;
Fans of very sharp varieties should pay attention to such peppers:
- Bright dawn;
- Ancho Poblano.
Greenhouse peppers give an order of magnitude more yield and grow stronger.
Secrets of choosing a variety of hot pepper
Experienced vegetable growers are advised to use the following recommendations when buying seeds:
- The sharpness of the vegetable is affected by the climatic conditions of its cultivation. So, the same variety, planted in different climatic zones, will bear fruit of varying degrees of severity. Vegetables grown in hot and humid conditions will be an order of magnitude sharper than those grown in a cool, dry place.
- When choosing seeds, you should pay attention to the SHU indicator (Scoville Heat Units - degree of severity, or Scoville). The higher the number, the sharper the variety of pepper.
- For open ground, it is desirable to select varieties with a short growing season (up to 100 days), since autumn weather conditions are suitable only for certain varieties of this plant.
- Seeds are best bought from a trusted manufacturer. There are times when the information on the package does not match the contents of the bag.
- As a rule, only widespread and best-selling varieties are presented in stores. Those wishing to experiment with rare or elite varieties should pay attention to specialized breeding centers.
Wrong choice of planting material usually leads to disappointment, so the moment of choosing seeds is very important in growing vegetables.