Plant of pisonia
Pisononia (Pisonia) - an evergreen plant belonging to the family Niktaginovye. The genus consists of about 50 species and originates from New Zealand, Australia and the island of Mauritius.
Pisonia is an evergreen tree or shrub, usually under natural conditions reaching a height of 6 m. It has a powerful rhizome and grows very slowly. Strongly branched shoots are covered with a dark brown rough bark to the touch, almost completely covered with leaves. Short-leaved or sessile leaves are oval or ovoid with a curving edge, up to 25 cm long, up to 10 wide, have distinct veins. They have a bright green color, and may contain white stripes or spots.
Pisonia flowers open in June-July and are collected by loose panicles consisting of small white tubular flowers. Fruits are small pods, and some species release a sticky substance to which insects or small birds can stick. For this reason, pisonia is sometimes called a bird-plant.
Types and varieties of pisonia
Pisonia the Great - a tree with a spreading crown about 20 m high. It has a chocolate-colored bark and wide-oval thin leaves from 7 to 25 cm long. It blooms in dense inflorescences of white-pink flowers.
Pisonia Umbrella - a tree shrub growing up to 5 m high. Its leaves are collected in bunches on young branches, oblong, glossy, have convex veins and a meandering edge. In length, they grow up to 20-25 cm, and in width up to 5-10.
Pisonia Variegata - A variation of the Pisonia Umbrella. It reaches 1 meter in height, the leaves are covered with spots or marbled pattern, on young leaves it is snow-white, with age it becomes yellow or creamy.
Care for pisony
As experts say Rastenievod.com - the complexity of caring for a plant in a pot culture can be rated as average. Even species pysonias in closed ground rarely reach a height of 1.5 m, and they grow very slowly, giving an increase of 3-4 cm per year and several new leaves.
Temperature and lighting
Pisonia needs bright sunlight, but in summer it must be protected from direct rays. With a lack of light, the mottled color of the leaves is lost, they fall off, with an excess - they turn yellow.
Pisonia is one of those plants for which the temperature regime is very important, and it does not like heat or cold and prefers an even temperature of 20-23 degrees during the year. It is unacceptable to decrease it in winter to 16 degrees, or increase in summer to 25. The plant does not tolerate drafts.
Humidity and watering
It is necessary to spray a pythonia regularly, and in the summer it is desirable in the morning and in the evening. Watering is best often and little by little. It is impossible for moisture to stagnate at the roots even for a short while. In the summer, you can put the pot with the plant for half an hour in a bucket of water once a week. Then you need to drain the water well. In winter, the soil between the irrigations must be dried, but the earthen lump should not be dried out in any case.
Fertilizer and fertilizing
From March to September, liquid complex fertilizers no more than once every 2 weeks. It is good to mulch the soil with a dry mullein.
Soil and transplant
The plant needs universal soil, a large pot with holes and a good layer of drainage. The root system of the pisonia grows rapidly, young bushes are transplanted annually, in a pot 5-7 cm larger than the previous one. Adult plants transship once every 2-3 years.
Flowering and pruning
In the conditions of a city apartment, it rarely blooms, even less often the fruits are tied. If the plant is bare, it can be cut to stimulate branching.
It is difficult to propagate pisonia at home. In the spring, semi-lignified cuttings about 8 cm long are rooted in a mini-greenhouse at a soil temperature of 23-25 degrees using growth hormones. After rooting, the cuttings are pinched. You can try to propagate the plant by air layers.
Pests, diseases and possible difficulties
- Pisonia can be affected by a mealybug or spider mite.
- With excessive light, white spots disappear on the leaves, they turn yellow, and the edges dry out.
- With a lack of light, the plant stretches, and the leaves lose their variegated color, twist, the stem bends.
- When the soil dries and at low temperatures, the leaves wither first and then fall off.