Pedilanthus (Pedilanthus) - small trees and shrubs belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae. The genus consists of 15 species and originates from the subtropics of both Americas. Some taxonomists claim that pedilanthus is not a separate genus, and include them in the genus Euphorbia.
Pedilanthus consists of shrubs and trees with dense dark green or gray cylindrical branches no more than 3 m high. Regular smooth or slightly pubescent ovoid leaves 10 cm long, about 3 sharp at the ends and wavy along the edge, located on short petioles or completely Dont Have. Their color is light green or green. During dormancy, pedilanthus may discard leaves.
Small nondescript flowers are collected in umbrella inflorescences. An attractive plant is made by cone-shaped bracts of an original form, painted in colors from pink to red.
Pedilanthus Krupnoplodny - a succulent shrub, almost devoid of leaves with greenish-gray round stems that store moisture. In the absence of moisture in them, the stems can become flat.
Pedilanthus Titimaloid - a very original shrub with wavy, juicy green branches that change direction of growth with the appearance of each new leaf. The leaves of this species are variegated, often with a white, pink or red border. The green center of the leaf may have white blotches. In late autumn, flowers with red bracts appear on the tops of the shoots.
Pedilanthus Finca - has bright green foliage and winding shoots.
Most often found in potted culture is Pedilanthus Titimaloid. The difficulty of growing is medium. In the conditions of a city apartment, it can grow up to 60-80 cm, and old copies are usually a little decorative due to loss of leaves and bare stems.
Temperature and lighting
For pedilanthus, good lighting is suitable without direct sunlight. South windows need protection in the middle of the day. In winter, a long backlight is required. If you keep the plant in partial shade, the variegated leaves will fade and become monophonic.
In summer, pedilanthus tolerates temperatures up to 30 degrees. Wintering is needed cool, about 14-16 degrees. If you do not provide a comfortable temperature in winter, the plant may not bloom. High temperatures in winter, coupled with dry air, can cause dropping leaves and stretching stems.
In winter, even at a comfortable cool temperature, a flower can lose some of its leaves - this is the norm for him. In summer, it can be taken out onto the street or balcony, providing protection from rain and sun. The plant does not like drafts and temperature differences.
Humidity and watering
In summer, euphorbia is watered regularly and abundantly, allowing the soil in the pot to dry slightly. Watering is more than moderate in winter. Water must not remain in the pan. Signal to watering may be dropping leaves. If you wait, the plant will not die, but may discard foliage.
Pedilanthus is sprayed periodically, the more often, the higher the temperature and drier the air. Do not place the plant near heating appliances in winter.
Fertilizer and fertilizing
From mid-spring to mid-autumn, every 3-4 weeks, fertilizers for cacti.
Soil and transplant
Pedilanthus needs a small pot with holes, good drainage and a ready-made substrate for cacti. He does not need an annual transplant, it is done every few years, you can simply change the topsoil. After transplanting, the plant needs several days to be kept in a shaded place.
Flowering and pruning
Blooms in winter with plain flowers with beautiful bracts. Since pedilanthus is prone to drop leaves and bare stems, it is regularly pruned and shaped into a compact bush. Once a couple of years, when the stems are very bare, they cut it short, leaving 8-10 cm of stems. Pruning is carried out when the plant leaves the dormant period and new leaves begin to break through.
Seed propagation for lovers is very difficult; in a city apartment, pedilanthus is propagated in spring using apical cuttings. They are cut at least 10 cm and no less than with two internodes. Milky juice is boring to rinse under warm running water and dry the cuttings for 2-3 days in a dark, well-ventilated area.
Then the slice is treated with heteroauxin and planted in sand or perlite. Contain at a temperature of 23-25 degrees. In pots planted 2-3 pieces.
Pests, diseases and possible difficulties
- Pedilanthus is affected by whiteflies, mealybugs, spider mites and aphids. Treat the plant with an insecticide.
- Dry air or intense heat can cause yellowing, and then the tips of the leaves dry out.
- Lack of light causes the leaves to lose their mottled color, as well as falling off old leaves and shredding new ones.
- In winter, after airing, all leaves may fall.
- If the pedilanthus is not provided with a cool wintering with limited watering, most likely it will not bloom.
Like all milkweed, the plant is poisonous, and caution should be exercised when working with it.