This plant is a complete mystery. Firstly, there is some confusion in the classification. Secondly, the plant has practically no leaves - how does photosynthesis occur? Third, how can a bulbous plant be a succulent? Well, many other small puzzles asks people this nondescript, at first glance, plant.
Changes in the classification, description of the genus and process of life
More recently, the genus Boviei was unequivocally ranked among the Liliaceae family. In recent years, repeated changes have taken place in the taxonomy, many genera have been removed from the lily and assigned to other families. Therefore, according to various sources, at the moment, bovie is reckoned to be either hyacinth, or even asparagus. In any case, this genus consists of only one species - Bovie curly.
The plant has a spherical bulb, and white perennial roots. Tiny leaves appear only in young plants and fall off almost immediately. But green shoots grow very quickly and, branching, can soon turn into a real green ball.
Some believe that it is in these shoots that photosynthesis occurs. Others see in them only long and branched peduncles. Indeed, after some time, small, unprepossessing whitish flowers appear at their ends. And soon, they are replaced by seed boxes. At this point, the life cycle ends, the shoots dry out and the plant falls asleep. To wake up after about six months when conditions change.
Conditions for growth and relaxation
Bovieja comes from southern Africa, where it grows in savannas and deserts, often stony. She spends six months underground and only during the rainy season is covered with a bunch of green twigs. Moreover, in her homeland, the rest period falls in the summer, and it grows and blooms, respectively, in the winter. But in the room conditions of our country, everything can turn over. After all, the expressed rest period in this plant depends on two factors: humidity and temperature. Both during drought and during cooling, the plant turns yellow and falls asleep, while all shoots die off. A period of rest can also occur at too high a temperature. Knowing all these features, one can easily regulate the life activity of bovie.
In spring, in order to bring the plant out of dormancy, you need to put it in a warmer place and slightly increase watering.
By the way, it is undesirable to wet the bulb when the plant is wetted; its outer scales are rotten. It is better to use lower watering from the pallet. Bovieja is not picky about the light, but it will feel better on the northern and eastern windows, or under artificial lighting. Direct sunlight can confuse the sequence of her life periods, because she decides that it is summer.
The temperature can be normal room temperature + 20 ° - + 24 °. If there will be intense heat in summer, more than + 28 ° - + 30 °, protection will also be required from it, since bovieja can go into a state of rest ahead of time. Humidity does not interest her at all. Feeding during this period is enough once every two months with special fertilizer for succulents. Watering is moderate so that the soil has time to dry out.
The plant does not need pruning, but supports for shoots are necessary, otherwise an ampel plant will be obtained from boviei. After flowering, seed formation and dying off shoots, watering is reduced, and soon stopped altogether if the plant is placed in a cool place + 10 ° - + 15 °.
If it continues to be in a warm room, then the soil is maintained in a semi-dry state so that perennial roots do not die.
If the bulb of bovie is large enough, then during the growth period, children appear under its scales.
When they fill the entire pot, or the bulb itself still grows, the plant can be transplanted. The new capacity should be only a little more than the bulb itself. Drainage is mandatory and should occupy a quarter of the volume of the pot. Soil must be necessarily alkaline (peat is desirable to exclude) and light. You can take two parts of the leaf, one part of the turfy land and one part of the sand.
When planting, it is advisable to leave the bulb for the most part above the surface of the soil, and sprinkle gravel or pebbles on top. This will protect the plant from decay and shade the green part of the bulb.
Bovieia propagates easily by separating the children during transplantation or by seed. Bulbs - children can immediately be planted in separate pots, and begin to water after they have shoots.
Seeds collected from boxes from their own plants are best sown immediately after collection, as they quickly lose germination. Sown on the surface of a light substrate under glass, they germinate in about a month. You can not remove the shell of seeds from young shoots, which for some time will be located on their tops. Soon she herself will dry up and fall away. With watering in the first year of life, bovie needs to be even more careful - there is a high risk of decay.
Boviei does not have any problems with pests and diseases. The only thing she is afraid of is overflow and decay of the roots.