Browallia is a perennial or annual herb that belongs to the nightshade family. Its habitat is Central and South America. The plant has 6 species, including Brovallia Krupnotsvetkovaya, pubescent and Sticky. For indoor floriculture, there is only one interest - Brovallia Beautiful.
Beautiful Brovallia is a branched bush reaching a height of 30-50 cm. The pubescent shoots are spreading, the crown is dense. The leaves of browllia are dark green in color, whole, reaching a length of 6 cm. The flowers are arranged one at a time, the color varies from white, blue, purple, blue to all shades of purple.
Browllia flowering is plentiful and lasts up to 18 months, including winter. When the flowering is over, the plant immediately ages and loses its decorative effect. Trying to preserve browllia for re-flowering is not worth it, it is better to propagate it, and discard the old plant.
When placing browllium in the interior, it must be borne in mind that the plant is poisonous.
Brovallia is not considered an easy-to-care plant, but following all the rules, you can enjoy plentiful and attractive flowering for almost two years.
Temperature and lighting - although browllium and thermophilic, it does not tolerate heat well. During flowering, the most suitable temperature is 20 degrees. Young plants and browlls left for breeding should winter at 10-15 degrees.
The plant is photophilous enough, but direct sunlight can damage it. With a lack of light, brovallia will bloom worse; with an excess, leaves can dry out, which will adversely affect the decorativeness of the plant.
Humidity and watering - In the summer, watering is plentiful, in the winter it is slightly reduced. Do not allow stagnation of water at the roots. Browllia can not be sprayed, but it responds favorably to high humidity.
Fertilizers and top dressing - although browllia blooms continuously for almost a year and a half, it is not worth overfeeding it, especially with nitrogen-containing fertilizers. Brovallya is watered 2 times a month with a fertilizer solution for decorative flowering plants at a concentration of 2 times less than specified in the instructions.
Soil and transplant - browllia suitable ready-made primer for violets. Good drainage is needed. When growing browlls in an annual culture, transplants are not needed.
Pruning - in order to make the bush look more compact and bloom better, the shoots of browllia can be cut or pinched.
Propagation of browllia
Browllia is propagated both by seeds and apical cuttings. Seeds can be sown throughout the year, so you can control the flowering period. Seeds of browllia are sown in a mixture of light earth with sand, not planted in the ground, and covered with glass. Daily watered by spraying the soil from the spray gun, ventilate. At a temperature of 20-25 degrees after 10 days, sprouts of browll will appear. When the seedlings grow a little, they are dived into small pots.
By apical cuttings, browllia is propagated in the spring and summer. They are planted in a light substrate and rooted at a temperature of 20-25 degrees in high humidity.
During the propagation of young browllia by seeds and cuttings, pinch several times to obtain a compact bush.
Pests, diseases and possible problems
Brovallia can be affected by a spider mite, whitefly, mealybug and scale insects. Treat the plant with an insecticide.
If powdery mildew appears, treat browlia with foundationazole or another systemic fungicide.